Mechanicsburg also known as Mechanicsville is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County, West Virginia, in the United States. It is located on the Northwestern Turnpike (U.S. Route 50) west of Romney at Mill Creek Gap (sometimes referred to as Mechanicsburg Gap). Mechanicsburg is the site of "The Burg" (circa 1769), used as a headquarters by both armies during the American Civil War. Along Fox Hollow Road (West Virginia Secondary Route 50/4) lies the 19th century Fox's Hollow Baptist Church and the old Mechanicsburg School.
The Fox's Hollow area of Mechanicsburg is currently experiencing major residential development, including Silver Leaf, a community of wooded five and lots.