Marsden is a large village within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees district, in West Yorkshire, England. It is west of Huddersfield and located at the confluence of the River Colne and the Wessenden Brook. It was formerly an important centre for the production of woollen cloth, focused at Bank Bottom Mill, which closed in 2003. The village has a population of 4,440. Marsden is 7 miles (11.3 km) west of Huddersfield.
Historically, Marsden was in the ecclesiastical parish of Almondbury in the Agbrigg Division of the wapentake of Agbrigg and Morley. From 1894 until 1937, it was an urban district. From 1937 until 1974 it was part of Colne Valley Urban District.
Marsden is also where Enoch Taylor was buried. Enoch Taylor was the blacksmith who built the first automatic croppers. The name Enoch was used for the hammers that the Luddites used to smash them. The Luddites used the slogan "Enoch made them, and Enoch shall break them."
Marsden is the last significant settlement on the West Yorkshire side of Standedge crossing of the Pennines into Greater Manchester. The village is surrounded on three sides by the high moors which are called Marsden Moor and Meltham Moor although Saddleworth Moor is very close. Saddleworth Moor is known for the place of burial for the moors murders. Marsden has low level access only from the east along the Colne Valley.
Several generations of tracks and roads have crossed the moors at this point. There are two distinctive packhorse bridges in the town (Mellor Bridge by the church, and Close Gate Bridge at the edge of the moor to the east of the village), whilst the current A62 main road crosses through the Standedge cutting some 2.5 miles (4 km) to the west. Both the Huddersfield Narrow Canal and the Huddersfield to Manchester railway also pass through Marsden, entering the parallel rail and canal Standedge Tunnels about half a mile (0.8 km) to the west of the town. Marsden railway station is located in the village on the railway line.
Marsden Moor Estate, which surrounds Marsden to the west and south, and includes several reservoirs, is in the care of the National Trust. The Trust is developing new techniques to rehabilitate the moor.
Butterley Reservoir with its distinctive spillway is one of the reservoirs near Marsden.