Manton's main source of employment for 100 years was Manton Colliery sunk by the Wigan Coal and Iron Company in the late 19th century. The model village was constructed soon afterwards to accommodate the families of miners who came from many parts of the country to secure employment. The village had a school and clubhouse. Manton was separate from Worksop but was became contiguous to the town when the council estates were built in the 1950s and 1960s.
Manton Colliery was one of the few pits in the county to support the strike in 1984-5. David Peace's book GB84 refers to Manton, but mistakenly locates it in South Yorkshire. The colliery was on the South Yorkshire coalfield and supported the National Union of Mineworkers despite being in north Nottinghamshire and supported the strike while other pits in north Nottinghamshire did not.