Place:Lothian, Scotland

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NameLothian
Alt namesLodainnsource: Wikipedia
LTNsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeRegion
Coordinates55.933°N 3.083°W
Located inScotland     (1975 - 1996)
See alsoMidlothian, Scotlandcounty covering part of Lothian Region before 1975
East Lothian, Scotlandcounty covering part of Lothian Region before 1975
West Lothian, Scotlandcounty covering part of Lothian Region before 1975
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


Lothian, like the other regions that made up Scotland between 1975 and 1996, was a very short-lived administration. The Regions have since been replaced by Council Areas, most of which cover a smaller area, and are unitary authorities. The regional names should not be used in WeRelate except to report a happening that occurred during the timespan of their existence.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Lothian ((; ; , archaic Gaelic Labhdaidh) is a traditional region of the Scottish Lowlands, lying between the southern shore of the Firth of Forth and the Lammermuir Hills. It includes Edinburgh City, West Lothian, Mid Lothian and East Lothian. The principal settlement is the Scottish capital, Edinburgh. Other towns include Livingston, Bathgate, Linlithgow and Dunbar.

Historically, the term Lothian is used for a province encompassing the present area plus the Scottish Borders region. The name is related to the legendary British King Loth or Lot. In the 7th century it came under the control of the Anglian Bernicia, the northern part of the later Kingdom of Northumbria, for a time, but the Anglian grip on Lothian was quickly weakened following the Battle of Dun Nechtain in which they were defeated by the Picts. Lothian's distinction from Northumbria is indicated in the survival of its original Brythonic Celtic name, used even by English Chroniclers. In 1018 AD Lothian was annexed by the Kingdom of Scotland.

Subsequent Scottish history saw Lothian subdivided into the shires of East Lothian, Midlothian and West Lothian — leading to the popular term "the Lothians". These were also known by the names of "Edinburghshire" (Midlothian), "Linlithgowshire" (West Lothian) and "Haddingtonshire" (East Lothian).

Lothian Regional Council (1975–1996)

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 abolished the counties and burghs as local government units, replacing them with Regions and Districts. Lothian Regional Council formally took over responsibility in May 1975.

Lothian Region was responsible for education, social work, water, sewerage, transport (including local buses within Edinburgh).

The two-tier system of local government was ended by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, resulting in the abolition of Lothian Regional Council, and its replacement by a unitary system of local government. The former District Council areas of West Lothian, City of Edinburgh, Midlothian and East Lothian were used as the basis for the new Councils. The last convener of Lothian Regional Council was Eric Milligan, who later served as Lord Provost of Edinburgh. Lothian Regional Council also organised a series of lectures known as the Lothian Lectures. A notable speaker was Mikhail Gorbachev.

Lothian Joint Valuation Board handles valuation and electoral registration in the region. Lothian Health Board (NHS) was not a local government responsibility.

The name lived on in the LRT, or Lothian Regional Transport, bus company, known as Lothian Buses from 2000, and the NHS Lothian trust.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Lothian. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.