Place:Lebus, Lebus, Brandenburg, Preußen, Germany

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NameLebus
Alt namesLubuszsource: Wikipedia
TypeTown
Coordinates52.417°N 14.533°E
Located inLebus, Brandenburg, Preußen, Germany
Also located inFrankfurt, East Germany    
Märkisch-Oderland, Brandenburg, Germany    
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Lebus is a town in the southeast of the Märkisch-Oderland District in Brandenburg, Germany. It had a population of 3,375 as of 2005. It was the center of the historical region known as Lubusz Land.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Settlement in the vicinity of Lebus has been traced as far back as 3,000 years. The ridges provided natural defense and led to fortifications being constructed upon them. The Germanic Lombards and Semnoni are believed to have lived in the area before the Common Era. After approximately 1,000 years, the Slavic Leubuzzi, the easternmost tribe of the pagan Liutizi, settled the area during the 8th and 9th centuries in the Migration Period. The land on both sides of the Oder became known as Terra Lebusana ("land of the Leubuzzi" in Latin, Polish: Ziemia Lubuska).

The region was conquered and brought under Polish control by 966 under the rule of Duke Mieszko I. A castellan's castle was built to control it, which became a battleground for neighboring rulers over the following centuries. This Lubusz Land, which provides the name for the present-day Lubusz Voivodeship in Poland, was especially influenced by the Piast dukes in Silesia. The existence of a settlement known as Lubusz at a ford of the Oder near the castle was first documented in 1109.

The Bishopric of Lubusz was founded in 1124-25 during the reign of Boleslaus III to counter and convert the Liutizi. It served as an important center for Catholic missionaries preaching in and developing the Oder region. In 1163 Emperor Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor granted the Lubusz Land on both sides of the Oder as a fief to the Silesian Piasts. German colonization of the region proceeded throughout the 13th century and the settlement became predominantly known as Lebus. Duke Henry I of Silesia granted it German town law in 1226. The Ascanian Margraviate of Brandenburg acquired the region ca. 1250.

During the Middle Ages, Lebus served as an important stop on trade routes from the Baltic Sea to Italy and from Poznań to Flanders. After the destruction of the town's cathedral by troops of Emperor Charles IV in 1373, the seat of the bishopric was moved from Lebus to Fürstenwalde. The populace became Lutheran during the Protestant Reformation, and the bishopric was secularized in 1555 following the death of the last Catholic bishop, Georg von Blumenthal. After the 16th century fires and political changes weakened the fortifications; the castle was decisively damaged by a lightning strike in 1713. Lebus gradually became a backwater locality.

In 1701 Lebus became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars, it was administered within the new Prussian Province of Brandenburg.

During World War II, Lebus, including its medieval center, was almost completely destroyed, and its land east of the Oder joined Poland in 1945 according to the Potsdam Agreement. The parish church of Lebus was restored in 1954.

Since the last administrative reform of Poland, one of 16 Polish provinces is named Lubusz Voivodeship or Province of Lebus.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Lebus. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.