Lansingburgh was the first chartered village in Rensselaer County, New York, USA and was settled around 1763. The name is from Abraham Lansing, an early settler, combined with the Scottish word burgh.
Lansingburgh was founded in 1807 from part of the "Town of Troy" and Town of Petersburgh. The size was increased in 1819 with more land from the Town of Schaghticoke, again in 1836 with another part of Troy, and in 1839 with part of the Town of Brunswick.
Chester A. Arthur (1829–1886), 21st President of the United States, born in Fairfield, Vermont, spent part of his youth in Lansingburgh. Author Herman Melville wrote his first two novels in Lansingburgh. He resided at what is now known as the Herman Melville House from 1838 to 1847 and it serves as headquarters of the Lansingburgh Historical Society. Children’s author Mary Louise Peebles (1833–1915) was born, raised and died in Lansingburgh.
Lansingburgh was the site of the Lansingburgh Academy. The Academy building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. The Powers Home, built in 1846, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 and the Lansingburgh Village Burial Ground in 2002.
In 1900, Lansingburgh became part of the City of Troy.