Kooralbyn lies in the Australia's Gold Coast hinterland, approximately south-west of Beaudesert, itself some south of Brisbane in South East Queensland, and west from Queensland's Gold Coast. It is part of the Scenic Rim local government area.
Kooralbyn is a Yugambeh word meaning "the place of the copperhead snake. First European settlement in the area can be traced back to the 1830s when southern timber millers sought the quality hardwoods of the lower valleys. It was not until Australia's first major land booms in the 1840s that free settler pastoralists migrated to the region. Kooralbyn subsequently became one of the region's most significant pastoral estates, the land used largely for cattle grazing.
Kooralbyn, commonly referred to as "The Valley" by its residents (due to the former name "Kooralbyn Valley") is home to more kangaroos than people. The residential streets, avenues, courts and roads wind around the undulating terrain and usually end up at a water tower.
The town consists of a shopping complex (with real estate, fuel, groceries and other conveniences), a hotel, an 18-hole golf course, polo fields, an airstrip, a light commercial area, an indoor ski field (year-round, under development at the time of writing), mini golf, tennis, self-contained accommodation, The Kooralbyn International School, and other facilities.