NOTE: Kingswood (near Bristol) has been so described to differentiate it from Kingswood (near Wotton-under-Edge), Gloucestershire, a village about 14 miles to the northeast. The two places can be easily confused.
Kingswood is an urban area in South Gloucestershire, England, on the eastern border of the City of Bristol. It is located on both sides of the A420 road, which connects Bristol and Chippenham and which forms the high street through the principal retail zone. Bristol City Centre is located 4 miles to the west, and Chippenham is located 18 miles to the east, The A4174 Avon Ring Road also runs around the eastern edge of Kingswood. Bath is 12.5 miles away. Western Kingswood is contiguous with eastern Bristol, and although it does not lie within the city (and unitary authority) boundary, it acts in several capacities as a suburb of the city.
In the 18th century it was a small coal mining village where George Whitefield's open-air preaching greatly influenced John Wesley in the founding of Methodism. The construction of a number of chapels, Tabernacle and schools by Whitefield, Wesley, and their associates and followers is held to be one of the factors contributing to Kingswood's growth.
Though the town is now viewed by many as a suburb of Bristol (hence the common reference to it as Kingswood, Bristol, which is also its postal address), it has always been outside the boundaries of the city. Before 1974 it was in the administrative county of Gloucestershire, England, and Kingswood constituted an urban district within that county.
In 1974, the new Bristol-based county of Avon was formed. Kingswood Urban District was merged with Mangotsfield Urban District and Warmley Rural District to form a larger Kingswood Borough, within Avon. The adjacent area of Gloucestershire which included most of the rural districts of Thornbury and Sodbury were renamed the Northavon District, was also moved into Avon. (Source:Wikipedia.)
With the break-up of Avon in 1996, Kingswood and Northavon were not returned to the administrative county of Gloucestershire but were combined in a new unitary authority of South Gloucestershire (which is still within the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire). Much of urban Kingswood remains an unparished area.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Kingswood, South Gloucestershire.