Killingholme is an area of Lincolnshire, comprising the villages of North Killingholme and South Killingholme. It is the site of two oil refineries, the Humber Refinery and Lindsey Oil Refinery, and an liquid petroleum gas storage facility (180 metres underground).
It is also a fast expanding port, handling RORO ferries from Belgium and Hoek van Holland, as well as car imports from mainland Europe and Korea. The United States Navy established a naval air station on 20 July 1918 to operate seaplanes during World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne. It later became the home of No. 550 Squadron RAF, which flew Lancaster bombers from RAF North Killingholme airbase from early 1944 to October 1945. RAF 550 Squadron is credited with opening the D-day attack on 5 June 1944.
In the 1980s, the area was one of several proposed by the British Government's nuclear body NIREX as the site of a disposal facility for radioactive waste. This led to the village being featured in a sketch on the satirical ITV comedy Spitting Image in which 'government advisors' wanted to put such sites in places like "...Killing Homes, Killing Animals, Killing People". After widespread protests at all proposed sites NIREX did not proceed with any such development.
A pair of lighthouses on the riverside were built by Trinity House in the 1830s to provide leading lights (the high light was rebuilt 40 years later). A similar lighthouse was built at the same time across the river in Paull. In 1851 an additional low light was built to the north of the first one; this was later deactivated and is currently a private dwelling. The other two remain in use and are operated by the Port of Grimsby.
The name Killingholme is of Norse origin, reflecting the extensive Viking activity in the area, and still understandable in modern Norwegian."Killing" means "young goat", and "holme" means "small island".
Lincolnshire is very low-lying and land had to be drained for agriculture to be successful. The larger drainage channels, many of which are parallel to each other, became boundaries between parishes. Many parishes are long and thin for this reason.
There is much fenland in Lincolnshire, particularly in the Boston and Horncastle areas. Fenlands tended to be extraparochial before the mid 1850s, and although many sections were identified with names and given the title "civil parish", little information has been found about them. Many appear to be abolished in 1906, but the parish which adopts them is not given in A Vision of Britain through Time. Note the WR category Lincolnshire Fenland Settlements which is an attempt to organize them into one list.
From 1889 until 1974 Lincolnshire was divided into three administrative counties: Parts of Holland, Parts of Kesteven and Parts of Lindsey. These formal names do not fit with modern grammatical usage, but that is what they were, nonetheless. In 1974 the northern section of Lindsey, along with the East Riding of Yorkshire, became the short-lived county of Humberside. In 1996 Humberside was abolished and the area previously in Lincolnshire was made into the two "unitary authorities" of North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire. The remainder of Lincolnshire was divided into "non-metropolitan districts" or "district municipalities" in 1974. Towns, villages and parishes are all listed under Lincolnshire, but the present-day districts are also given so that places in this large county can more easily be located and linked to their wider neighbourhoods. See the WR placepage Lincolnshire, England and the smaller divisions for further explanation.