Kyiv Oblast (translit. Kyivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Kyivshchyna – ) is an oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv (Kyiv), also being the capital of Ukraine. Despite being located in the center of the Kyiv Oblast, and hosting the governing bodies of the oblast, Kyiv itself is a self-governing city with special status and not under oblast jurisdiction.
The Kyiv Oblast neither corresponds nor is limited to the unofficially-designated Kyiv metropolitan area although significantly depending on the urban economy and transportation of the latter.
The largest city in the oblast, besides Kiev, is Bila Tserkva.
The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone is technically located within the northernmost part of the Kyiv Oblast although it is prohibited from public and administered separately from the oblast.
Kyiv Oblast was officially created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on February 27, 1932.
Earlier historical administrative units that later became the territory of the oblast include the Kyiv Voivodeship under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kyiv Governorate under the Russian Empire. The northern part of the oblast belongs to the historical region of Polesia (Polissia).
In Kyiv region, there was a specific folk icon-painting style much influenced by the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra painting school. Saints were depicted on the deep purple or black background, their clothes dark, their haloes dark blue, dark green or even black, outlined by thin white dotted contours. The Kyiv region's icons' collection is the part of the exhibition of the Museum of Ukrainian home icons in the Historical and cultural complex "The Radomysl Castle".
The current borders of the oblast were last set following the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Administrative oversight of the new city of Slavutych, which was constructed as part of the Chernihiv Oblast, was then transferred to the Kyiv Oblast (see Chernobyl zone below).