Kiev Oblast (translit. Kyivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Kyivshchyna – ) is an oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kiev (Kyiv), which also serves as the capital of Ukraine. Despite being located in the center of the Kiev Oblast, and hosting the governing bodies of the oblast, Kiev itself is a self-governing city with special status and not under oblast jurisdiction.
The Kiev Oblast neither corresponds to nor is limited to the unofficially-designated Kiev metropolitan area although it is significantly dependent on the urban economy and transportation of the latter.
The largest city in the oblast, besides Kiev, is Bila Tserkva.
The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone is technically located within the northernmost part of the Kiev Oblast but access to the Zone is prohibited to the public and it is administered separately from the oblast.
Kiev Oblast was officially created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on February 27, 1932.
Earlier historical administrative units that later became the territory of the oblast include the Kiev Voivodeship under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kiev Governorate under the Russian Empire. The northern part of the oblast belongs to the historical region of Polesia (Polissia).
In Kiev region, there was a specific folk icon-painting style much influenced by the Kiev Pechersk Lavra painting school. Saints were depicted on the deep purple or black background, their clothes dark, their haloes dark blue, dark green or even black, outlined by thin white dotted contours. The Kiev region's icons' collection is the part of the exhibition of the Museum of Ukrainian home icons in the Historical and cultural complex "The Radomysl Castle".
The current borders of the oblast were last set following the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Administrative oversight of the new city of Slavutych, which was constructed as part of the Chernihiv Oblast, was then transferred to the Kiev Oblast (see Chernobyl zone below).