Place:Kauai, Kauai, Hawaii, United States

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NameKauai
Alt namesAtooisource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
Atouai Islandsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
Atouisource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
Garden Islandsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
Island of Kauaisource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
Kawaisource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
Tauaisource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS15001224
TypeIsland
Coordinates22.05°N 159.5°W
Located inKauai, Hawaii, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kauai or Kauai (; Hawaiian: ) is geologically the oldest of the main Hawaiian Islands. With an area of , it is the fourth largest of the main islands in the Hawaiian archipelago, and the 21st largest island in the United States. Known also as the "Garden Isle", Kauai lies across the , northwest of . This island is the site of Waimea Canyon State Park.

The United States Census Bureau defines Kauai as Census Tracts 401 through 409 of , which is all of the county except for the islands of Kaʻula, Lehua, and . The 2010 census population of Kauai (the island) was 67,091, with the largest town by population being .

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

In 1778, Captain James Cook arrived at Waimea Bay, the first European known to have reached the Hawaiian islands, which he named after his patron the Earl of Sandwich.

During the reign of King Kamehameha, the islands of Kauai and Niihau were the last Hawaiian Islands to join his . Their ruler, , resisted Kamehameha for years. King Kamehameha twice prepared a huge armada of ships and canoes to take the islands by force, and twice failed; once due to a storm, and once due to an epidemic. In the face of the threat of a further invasion, however, Kaumualii decided to join the kingdom without bloodshed, and became Kamehameha's vassal in 1810, ceding the island to the Kingdom of Hawaii upon his death in 1824.[1]

In 1815-17, Kaumualii led secret negotiations with representatives of the Russian-American Company in an attempt to gain Russia's military support against Kamehameha; however, the negotiations folded and the Russians were forced to abandon all of their presence in Kauai, including Fort Elizabeth, after it was revealed that they did not have the support of Tsar Alexander I.

In 1835, Old Koloa Town opened a sugar mill.[1]

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