Jiquilpan (also spelled Xiuquilpan, Xiquilpan, Xiquilpa, based on a Náhuatl word for "place of tint plants") is a municipality (municipio) in the Mexican state of Michoacán. Its municipal seat is Jiquilpan de Juárez.
Jiquilpan is the birthplace of two presidents of the republic: Anastasio Bustamante, who served as President of the Republic on three occasions in the mid-19th century; and also of one of the most popular presidents of Mexico, Lázaro Cárdenas. Jiquilpan is also the birthplace of Damián Alcázar, actor and movie director, who was in the films El crimen del padre Amaro, La Ley de Herodes, and , among others.
It is also where hip-hop duo Akwid originated from, before moving to Los Angeles, California in their childhood. It has sister city exchange programs with Indio, California and Palmdale, California in the United States, where large numbers of residents from Jiquilpan relocated to in the 2000s. It is thought about half the population has relatives in Southern California. In the year 2000, the population was 25,778, but estimates can reach as high as 50,000 when seasonal migrant laborers come and stay there.