Until 1 January 2007 Jelling municipality was a municipality (Danish: kommune) in Vejle County on the Jutland peninsula in south-west Denmark. The municipality covered an area of 89 km², and had a total population of 5,697 (2005). Its last mayor was Arne H. Sigtenbjerggaard, a member of the Venstre (Liberal Party) political party. The main town and the site of its municipal council was the town of Jelling.
The municipality was created in 1970 due to a kommunalreform ("Municipality Reform") that combined a number of existing parishes:
Jelling municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipality Reform" of 2007). It was merged with Børkop, Egtved, Give, and Vejle municipalities to form a new Vejle municipality. This created a municipality with an area of 1,055 km² and a total population of 82,935 (2005). The new municipality belongs to Region of Southern Denmark.