|Alt names||Hunts||source: Wikipedia|
|Huntingdon||source: Family History Library Catalog|
|Type||Historic county, Administrative county|
|Located in||England ( - 1965)|
|See also||Huntingdon and Peterborough, England||successor administrative county from 1965|
|Cambridgeshire, England||successor administrative county from 1974|
- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a historic county of England which covered the area around the towns of Huntingdon, St Ives, Godmanchester, St Neots and Ramsey until 1965.
In 1965 Huntingdonshire was merged with the Soke of Peterborough (part of Northamptonshire) to form the administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. This in turn was abolished in 1974, being absorbed into Cambridgeshire. One of the six districts of Cambridgeshire established in 1974 was called Huntingdon, which closely matched the historic county. Huntingdon District Council renamed itself the Huntingdonshire District Council in the 1990s.
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
The area corresponding to modern Huntingdonshire was first delimited in Saxon times, and the modern boundaries have remained largely unchanged since the 10th century.
In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888 Huntingdonshire became an administrative county, with a new County Council taking over administrative functions from the Quarter Sessions. The area in the north of the county forming part of the municipal borough of Peterborough became instead part of the Soke of Peterborough administrative county, in Northamptonshire.
In 1965, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, it was merged with the Soke of Peterborough to form Huntingdon and Peterborough - the Lieutenancy county was also merged. Also at this time St Neots expanded westward over the river into Eaton Ford and Eaton Socon in Bedfordshire.
In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Huntingdon and Peterborough merged with Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely to form the new non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire. The Huntingdon administrative district was created based closely on the former county borders, but Old Fletton Urban District became part of the new Peterborough District, as did that part of Norman Cross Rural District in Peterborough New Town.
The administrative district was renamed Huntingdonshire on 1 October 1984, by resolution of the district council.
Huntingdonshire included the following municipal boroughs, urban districts and rural districts:
Huntingdonshire in 1887
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Huntingdonshire from John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles of 1887:
- "Huntingdonshire, Huntingdon, or Hunts, inland co., South Midland District, England; is bounded W. and N. by Northamptonshire, E. by Cambridgeshire, and S. by Bedfordshire; greatest length, N. and S., 30 miles; greatest breadth, E. and W., 23 miles; 229,515 ac.; population 59,491. About a fourth of the [county] (in the NE.) forms a portion of the great "fen" district, the remainder consisting of a succession of gentle hills and dales. Huntingdonshire is almost wholly devoid of trees, and may be described as an agricultural and pastoral county....
- "Scientific farming has of late greatly stimulated the productiveness of the soil, and the arable farms of the upland districts are peculiarly noted for superior grain. Green crops, also of excellent quality, are obtained, while market gardening and cattle rearing form profitable employments. Willows are the chief product of the fen district. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.) The Nen, in the N. and NW., annd the Ouse, in the interior, are the chief rivers; both are navigable for barges. The geology of Huntingdonshire belongs to the Oolite system: many fossils are found, and the hills on the W. abound with stone brash, or forest marble. With the exception of papermaking and the preparation of parchment, there are no mfrs. of more than local importance. The co. is almost entirely in the diocese of Ely. It conntains 4 hundreds; 103 pars., with parts of 6 others; the [municipal boroughs] of Huntingdon, Godmanchester, and St Ives; and a part of the city of Peterborough. For parliamentary purposes the county is divided into 2 divisions - viz., Huntingdon or Southern, and Ramsey or Northern - each returning 1 member."
- Original historical documents relating to Huntingdonshire are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Huntingdon.
- GENUKI has a page on Huntingdonshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. These give references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area.
- The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date.
- A Vision of Britain through Time, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions.
- Map of Huntingdonshire divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
- Map of Huntingdonshire divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
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