Near the Mississippi Delta, the area was developed as cotton plantations, which depended on slave labor. After the American Civil War, many freedmen worked as sharecroppers and tenant farmers. As the county seat, the city is a center of trade and court sessions.
The population was 7,957 at the 2000 census. A slight decrease in population was calculated in the 2010 census. Opportunities are limited in the rural area and young people leave to find work.