Place:Hexhamshire, Northumberland, England

Alt namesRaw Greensource: from redirect
TypeCivil parish, Former administrative division
Coordinates54.89°N 2.18°W
Located inNorthumberland, England     (1955 - )
Also located inEngland     (850 - 1572)
See alsoHexham, Northumberland, Englandancient parish in which it was a township
Tynedale Ward, Northumberland, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Hexhamshire High Quarter, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish from which it was formed in 1955
Hexhamshire Middle Quarter, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish from which it was formed in 1955
Hexhamshire West Quarter, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish from which it was formed in 1955
Hexham Rural, Northumberland, Englandrural district of which it was part 1955-1974
Tynedale District, Northumberland, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area 1974-2009
the text in this article is based on an article in Wikipedia

The Modern Parish

In modern use, Hexhamshire is a name of a civil parish south of Hexham. The parish covers a very large but sparsely populated area, including the villages of Dalton and Whitley Chapel, Broadwell House, and Hexhamshire Common. The current civil parish was formed in 1955 by the union of the Hexhamshire High Quarter, Hexhamshire Middle Quarter and Hexhamshire West Quarter parishes. Hexhamshire Low Quarter remains a separate civil parish, between Hexhamshire and Hexham.

From 1955 Hexhamshire was part of Hexham Rural District. In 1974 rural districts were abolished and Hexhamshire became part of the Tynedale District until 2009 when Northumberland became a unitary authority.

Earlier Usage

From before the Conqest of Britain by the Normans in 1066, Hexhamshire was a "county" in northern England. After several hundred years it was incorporated into the county of Northumberland in 1572.

Originally the county could be equated to one of the districts of the Kingdom of Northumbria, the town of Hexham then being the seat of a bishopric. It later lost its privileges as an independent county, and became considered part of County Durham. (The southern border of the present parish of Hexhamshire is the Northumberland border with Durham.)

In the early 1100s, Henry I of England decided to weaken the power of the prince bishops of Durham by removing parts of their realm. In doing so, he again elevated Hexhamshire to county status, with Hexham as its county town.

Hexhamshire remained a county until 1572, in the reign of Elizabeth I, when it was incorporated into Northumberland by Act of Parliament. At the same time, the district was transferred from the ecclesiastical see of Durham to the ecclesiastical see of York, where it remained until 1837.

end of Wikipedia contribution

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Hexhamshire from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"HEXHAMSHIRE, a division of Hexham parish, and a quondam county palatine, in Northumberland. The division of Hexham parish comprises the townships of High Quarter, Low Quarter, Middle Quarter, and West Quarter....
"The quondam county palatine comprised the parishes of Hexham, St. John-Lee, and Allendale; was governed, as a regality, by the bishops of Hexham; passed, as a barony, to the archbishops of York; and was annexed, in the time of Elizabeth, to Northumberland."

Statistics from Wilson's Gazetteer are from the UK census of 1861 and are provided here in tabular form.

High QuarterLow QuarterMiddle QuarterWest Quarter Total
Area 8,783 3,608 5,700 5,117 23,208
Population 243 454 2555 257 3509
Houses 44 92 54 50 240
Locationextends from 6 miles S by W of Hexham town to the borders of Durhamshire; is wild and mountainous.extends from 2 to 4 ½ miles S of Hexham; includes the camping ground of the Lancastrians previous to the battle of Hexham, and a romantic ravine called Deepden, with the Queen's cave, where Margaret and her child lay concealed after the battle.extends from 3 to 6 miles S by W of Hexham; had a lead manufactory, which was recently removed to Allendale parish.extends from 1 to 4 miles W of Hexham; includes the access to the suspension bridge over the South Tyne.
SettlementsLillswood Dotland, Lee, Linnels, Ordley and Steel Dalton, Mollerstead and Raw GreenGreenshaw Plain, Nubbock and Summerrods

Research Tips

  • Hexhamshire local website
  • Northumberland Archives previously known as Northumberland Collections Service and Northumberland County Record Office. Now based within Woodhorn Museum in Ashington and providing free access to numerous records for local and family historians alike.
Full postal address: Museum and Northumberland Archives, Queen Elizabeth II Country Park, Ashington, Northumberland, NE63 9YF; Phone: 01670 624455
There is a branch office in Berwick upon Tweed.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Hexhamshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.