Place:Gwent, Wales

Watchers
NameGwent
Alt namesGNTsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypePreserved county
Coordinates51.717°N 2.95°W
Located inWales     (1974 - )
See alsoMonmouthshire, Walescounty from which it was formed in 1974
Newport, Monmouthshire, Walescounty borough from which it was formed in 1974
Contained Places
District municipality
Islwyn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Inhabited place
Abercarn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Brynmawr ( 1974 - )
Principal area
Caerphilly (principal area) ( 2003 - )
Urban district
Abercarn ( 1974 - 1996 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Gwent is a preserved county and a former local government county in southeast Wales. It was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, and was named after the ancient Kingdom of Gwent. The authority was a successor to both the administrative county of Monmouthshire (with minor boundary changes) and the County Borough of Newport. (Both authorities which were considered to be legally part of England until the Act came into force, although they were considered jointly with Wales for certain purposes.)

Under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, Gwent was abolished on 1 April 1996. However, it remains one of the preserved counties of Wales for the ceremonial purposes of Lieutenancy and High Shrievalty, and its name also survives in various titles, e.g. Gwent Police, Royal Gwent Hospital, etc. "Gwent" is sometimes used as a synonym for the historic county of Monmouthshire — for example the Gwent Family History Society describes itself as "The key to roots in the historic county of Monmouthshire".

The former administrative county was divided into several districts: Blaenau Gwent, Islwyn, Monmouth, Newport and Torfaen. The successor unitary authorities are the Blaenau Gwent County Borough, Caerphilly County Borough (part of which came from Mid Glamorgan), Monmouthshire (which covers the eastern 60% of the historic county), City of Newport and Torfaen County Borough.

In 2003 the preserved county of Gwent expanded to include the whole of Caerphilly County Borough; the Gwent Police area had already been realigned to these boundaries in 1996. In 2007, the population of this enlarged area was estimated as 560,500, making it the most populous of the preserved counties of Wales.

Research Tips

  • GENUKI on Glamorgan Lots of leads to other sources and descriptions of former parishes.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki on Glamorgan has recently been updated (early 2016) and looks remarkably like Wikipedia. Their map "Glamorgan Parish Map.jpg" enlarges to show all the original parishes. The sub-section "Parishes of Historic Glamorgan" lists all the parishes of Glamorgan and the newer preserved counties and principal areas in both English and Welsh. (Currently this website is still under construction.)
  • Where to find local archives in the Caerphilly area

Maps

The first three maps are provided by A Vision of Britain through Time

These maps were found on Wikimedia Commons

These maps of Glamorgan post-1974 were found on another site and are very useful for sorting out the up-to-date geography of the area

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Gwent (county). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.