Place:Guyana

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NameGuyana
Alt namesBritish Guianasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) V, 584 ff.
Co-operative Republic of Guyanasource: Wikipedia
Cooperative Republic of Guyanasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 252-253
Guianasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) V, 484 ff.
Guyanesource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) II, 225
GY00source: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
République du Guyanasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 54
TypeNation
Coordinates5°N 59°W
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Guyana (pronounced or ), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana,[1] is a sovereign state on the northern coast of South America. Although Guyana is part of the Anglophone Caribbean, it is one of the few Caribbean countries that is not an island. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM), of which Guyana is a member, has its secretariat's headquarters in Guyana's capital, Georgetown.

Guyana was originally colonized by the Netherlands. Later, it became a British colony and remained so for over 200 years until it achieved independence on 26 May 1966 from the United Kingdom. On 23 February 1970, Guyana officially became a republic. In 2008, the country joined the Union of South American Nations as a founding member.

Guyana is a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations and has the distinction of being the only South American nation in which English is the official language. The majority of the population, however, speak Guyanese Creole; an English-based creole language with Dutch, West African, Arawakan and Caribbean influences.

Historically, the region known as "Guiana" or "Guyana" comprised the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "Land of many waters". Historical Guyana consists of three Dutch colonies: Essequibo, Demerara, and Berbice. Modern Guyana is bordered by Suriname to the east, by Brazil to the south and southwest, by Venezuela to the west, and by the Atlantic Ocean to the north. At , Guyana is the third-smallest independent state on the mainland of South America after Uruguay and Suriname. Its population is approximately 770,000.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Guyana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.