Great Houghton is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England), on the border with West Yorkshire. It lies to the west of Thurnscoe, on the B6411 road, and is located at approximately 53° 33' 20" North, 1° 21' West, at an elevation of around 60 metres above sea level. At the 2001 census it had a population of 2,261.
Great Houghton is a former mining village and its mines were served by the railway which has since gone but remains of which are still visible.
Some parts of Great Houghton were affected by the 2007 summer flooding which caused extensive damage in neighbouring villages.