Place:Goderich, Huron, Ontario, Canada

Watchers
NameGoderich
TypeTown
Coordinates43.75°N 81.717°W
Located inHuron, Ontario, Canada     (1828 - )
See alsoColborne, Huron, Ontario, Canadatownship adjacent to Goderich
Goderich (township), Huron, Ontario, Canadatownship adjacent to Goderich
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


The text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia.

Goderich is a town in the Canadian Province of Ontario and is the county seat of Huron County. The town was founded by William "Tiger" Dunlop in 1827. First laid out in 1828, the town is named after Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, who was British prime minister at the time. The town was officially incorporated in 1850.

Located on the eastern shore of Lake Huron at the mouth of the Maitland River, Goderich is notable for its sunsets. As of the Canada 2011 Census, the population is 7,521. The area of the town is 7.91 square kilometres.

Industry

Salt Mining

The salt mining industry in Goderich is one of its primary industries. In 1866 a petroleum exploration crew headed by prospector Sam Platt discovered rock salt 300 metres beneath Goderich Harbour. (This was at the time when petroleum had recently been discovered near Sarnia at the southern end of Lake Huron and its importance was just beginning to be understood.) In 1880 the process of harvesting salt began and the industry today is in the hands of Sifto Canada. The mine is the largest underground salt quarry in the world, being 1,750ft below surface and covering an area of 7 sq km under Lake Huron.

Heavy Equipment

A road grader manufacturing plant was started by Champion Road Equipment in the 1950s and purchased by AB Volvo in the 1990s. Volvo decided to move the manufacture to Shippensburg, Pennsylvania in 2008 and the plant was completely closed in 2010.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1915 are now available [October 2014]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.
In September 2014 Ancestry.ca announced that its paid website has been subjected to a "houseclean" of its Ontario BMD database, adding data that had been omitted and making many corrections. Its provision now includes

  • Births, with 2,172,124 records covering 1869-1913.
  • Marriages, with 3,393,369 records for 1801-1928 including Ontario county, district and Roman Catholic origins as well as province-wide civil registration.
  • Deaths, with 2,190,030 records comprising Ontario civil registrations of deaths, 1869-1938 and registrations of Ontario overseas deaths for 1939-1947.


Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada, known to Canadians as "LAC". Copies of original microfilms are online at the LAC website for all censuses up to 1911. Each census database is preceded with an explanation of the geographical area covered, the amount of material retained (some census division material has been lost), the questions on the census form, and whether there is a name index. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited. The 1921 census is only available through Ancestry.ca, but it is free-to-view.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can also view censuses on microfilm at the LAC, at the Archives of Ontario (see address above), or at large libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Websites with more local information on Huron County

source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Goderich, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.