Glenpool is a city in Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States. It is part of the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area (TMSA). As of 2010, the population was 10,808. This was an increase of 33.1% since the 2000 census, which reported total population as 8,123.
Glenpool is notable because the discovery of oil here in 1905 caused an economic boom that propelled the growth of Tulsa and its environs. Although the Glenn Pool field, for which the city was named, still produces a small amount of oil, the city now is primarily a bedroom community for Tulsa.
On November 22, 1905, wildcatters, Robert Galbreath and Frank Chesley (along with, by some accounts, Charles Colcord), drilling for oil on farmland owned by Creek Indian Ida E. Glenn, created the first oil gusher in what would soon be known as the "Glenn Pool". The discovery set off a boom of growth for the area, bringing in hordes of people: lease buyers, producers, millionaires, laborers, tool suppliers, drunks, swindlers, and newspeople. Daily production soon exceeded . The nearby city of Tulsa benefited from the production, and Glenpool calls itself the town that made Tulsa famous.
By 1906, a settlement of Glenn, consisting of twelve families had grown up nearby. In that year, the Midland Valley Railroad extended a track from Jenks. By 1907, nearly 3,000 people had moved to the area, but only about 500 people actually lived in the town in 1910. Lots were platted and a post office opened on January 31, 1908. The new community was renamed Glenpool.
Sometime after the discovery, Ida Glenn and her husband, Robert, sold their farm and moved to California.
Population grew to 428 in 1920, but declined thereafter to 280 in 1950. A post-WWII building boom then pushed the population upward to 353 in 1960. During the 1970s and 1980s, urban sprawl of the city of Tulsa reached Glenpool, and the town became a bedroom suburb. It has been growing since. By 1970 the population had risen to 770, then to 2,706 in 1980.
An annual celebration called "Black Gold Days" is a 3-day family-friendly event with food, music, arts and crafts, a carnival, and a parade. It commemorates the glory years of Glenpool's history.