Place:Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada

Watchers
NameGaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine
TypeAdministrative region
Coordinates48.7°N 65.4°W
Located inQuébec, Canada     (1987 - )
See alsoBonaventure, Québec, Canadahistoric county from which the region was formed
Gaspé-Est, Québec, Canadahistoric county from which the region was formed
Gaspé-Ouest, Québec, Canadahistoric county from which the region was formed
Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canadahistoric county from which the region was formed
Contained Places
Historical county
Bonaventure ( 1982 - )
Gaspé-Est ( 1982 - )
Gaspé-Ouest ( 1982 - )
Îles-de-la-Madeleine ( 1982 - )
Inhabited place
Gaspé ( 1982 - )
Municipality
La Martre ( 1982 - )
Sainte-Anne-des-Monts ( 1982 - )
Parish
Cap-Chat ( 1982 - )
Cap-de-la-Madeleine ( 1982 - )
Regional county municipality
Avignon RCM ( 1981 - )
Bonaventure RCM ( 1981 - )
La Côte-de-Gaspé RCM ( 1982 - )
La Haute-Gaspésie RCM ( 1981 - )
Le Rocher-Percé RCM ( 1981 - )
Territory
Îles-de-la-Madeleine ( 1982 - )
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (French pronunciation: ​[ɡaspezi il də la madlɛn]) is an administrative region of Québec, Canada consisting of the Gaspé Peninsula and the Îles-de-la-Madeleine. It lies in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence at the eastern extreme of Quebec. The predominant economic activities are fishing, forestry and tourism.

The administrative region of Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine was created on December 22, 1987. It brings together two geographical units: the Gaspé peninsula (20,102.69 km2) and the Magdalen Islands archipelago (205.4 km2). The population is 94,079 (2011 census). The region projects into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, at the eastern extremity of Quebec. The region's interior, 80% of which is covered by coniferous forests, is among the most rugged terrain in the province. Rich soils cover the land along the coast and within the region's river valleys. Important mineral deposits are also found in this region.

Forty-two local municipalities are located in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region, along with seven unorganized territories, two reserves, and one Mi'kmaq community. With the exception of a few villages, the entire population is spread out along the coast, in villages with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants. Its largest community is the city of Gaspé (2011 population 15,163), near the tip of the peninsula.

The region has undergone many stresses which have influenced the evolution of its economy. The decrease in population as well as in primary resources, the weak diversity of secondary economic activities, and the seasonal nature of many of its jobs are all elements that explain the fragility of the job market. Tourism plays a vital part in the region's economy.

The Îles-de-la-Madeleine (in English, the Magdalen Islands) are a group of islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence northeast of Prince Edward Island.

Contents

Research Tips

French names for places

Because French is the one official language of Québec, WeRelate employs the French names for places within the province. Many placenames will be similar to their counterparts in English, with the addition of accents and hyphens between the words. The words "Saint" and "Sainte" should be spelled out in full. Placenames should be made up of four parts: the community (or parish, or township, or canton), the historic county, Québec, Canada. You may find placenames red-linked unless you follow these conventions.

Local government structure

The Province of Québec was made up of counties and territories. Counties in Québec were established gradually as the land was settled by Europeans. Each county had some form of local governement (sometimes church-based in the early days). Territories referred to the undeveloped sections under the control of the government in charge of the whole province at the time. The counties included "townships" and/or "parishes", depending on the English/French makeup of the county concerned.

The system of regional county municipalities (abbreviated as RCM in English and MRC in French) was introduced beginning in 1979 to replace the historic counties of Quebec. Regional county municipalities are a supra-local type of regional municipality, and act as the local municipality in unorganized territories within their borders. (An unorganized area or unorganized territory is any geographic region in Canada that does not form part of a municipality or Indian reserve. There is a list in Wikipedia) There are also 18 equivalent territories (TEs) which are not considered to be RCMs. These are mostly large cities with their suburbs, but include 4 very large geographical areas where the population is sparse.

Above the RCMs in the hierarchy are 17 administrative regions (illustrated on a map in Wikipedia. The regions are used to organize the delivery of provincial government services and there are conferences of elected officers in each region. The regions existed before the change from historic counties to regional county municipalities.

The above description is based on various articles in Wikipedia.

NOTE: WeRelate refers to Québec communities as being within their historic counties because this is the description which will be found in historical documents. FamilySearch and Quebec GenWeb follow the same procedure. However, it is always wise to know the current RCM as well in order to track these documents down in local repositories and also to describe events which have taken place since 1980.

Historic counties (which were taken out of use in about 1982) were made up of townships or cantons. The two words are equivalent in English and French. Eventually all the cantons in WeRelate will be described as townships. Many townships disappeared before 1980 with the growth of urbanization.

If the word parish is used, this is the local ecclesiastical parish of the Roman Catholic Church. Parish boundaries and township or canton boundaries were not always the same.

Because the former or historical counties and the modern regional county municipalities can have the same names but may cover a slightly different geographical area, the placenames for Regional County Municipalities or "Territories Equivalent to regional county municipalities" are distinguished by including the abbreviation "RCM" or "TE" following the name.

Other Sources

  • The Drouin Collection provided by Ancestry.com and Ancestry.ca (pay websites).
  • Genealogy Quebec in French, the website of the Drouin Institute. (also a pay website) with more databases than are on Ancestry.
  • A FamilySearch Wiki article explaining the history and purpose of the Drouin Collection.
  • FamilySearch Wiki Information for the province and for indivdiual counties.
  • Quebec GenWeb (English version--for the most part)
  • The Quebec Familiy History Society is the largest English-language genealogical society in Quebec. Most of their services are members only, but their Bulletin Board has useful tips for everyone. These may change from time to time.
  • La Mémoire du Québec online. Édition 2017. "Le dictionnaire des noms propres du Québec." In other words, an up-to-date gazetteer of places in Québec organized as a wiki.
  • Google "translate French to English" for those words and phrases you can't quite remember from schooldays.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.