Everett is the last city in the United States with a bicameral legislature, which is composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that will change the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members - six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large; an event that provoked an emotional response from many Everett residents. The new City Council will be elected at the 2013 City Election.
Everett was originally part of Charlestown, and later Malden. In 1892, Everett changed from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first Mayor It separated from Malden in 1870.
The city was named after Edward Everett, who served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also served as President of Harvard University.