Place:Eston, North Riding of Yorkshire, England

Watchers
NameEston
TypeTown, Civil parish, Urban district
Coordinates54.567°N 1.117°W
Located inNorth Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inCleveland, England     (1974 - 1996)
North Yorkshire, England     (1996 - )
Yorkshire, England    
See alsoRedcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, Englandunitary authority of which Eston is a part
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


From 1894 until 1968 Eston was an urban district in the North Riding of Yorkshire, England in which the main industry was originally iron-ore mining and was followed by steel production. In 1968 the district was abolished with the majority of its area absorbed into Teesside County Borough and the remainder transferred to Guisborough Urban District. Between 1974 and 1996 the whole of this area became the non-metropolitan county of Cleveland, and in 1996 was re-formed into the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland in North Yorkshire. (Wikipedia explains this in detail.)

Historically, it was located in the ecclesiastical parish of Ormsby in the Langbargh Wapentake.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The land around Eston has been occupied since 2400 BC, but it was the discovery of ironstone in Eston Hills by industrialists from Middlesbrough (most notably Henry Bolckow and John Vaughan) in 1841, that saw Eston develop from two cottages in 1850 to a thriving mining town. Miners' cottages, although altered, can still be seen in parts of Eston. The mining history of Eston was the subject of a film, A Century in Stone, which describes how the mines were responsible for making Teesside the iron and steel capital of the world. The film, by Craig Hornby of Pancrack Films, not only sold out in local cinemas, but also across Australia.

The Teesside steel industry that was started from these mines, eventually produced the steel that built the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Steel making continues on the Tees now: the mines have been closed for more than sixty years though, after one hundred years of production. Teesside steel became part of the nationalised British Steel, which in turn became the Corus Group. It can be said that the town of Middlesbrough came into being only because of the Eston mines.

Eston Cemetery

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Eston Cemetery is one of those places in the area which was probably named at the time of the Eston Urban District Council, which included Normanby. Nevertheless, Eston Cemetery can be said to be in Normanby.

Still in active use, it was established in 1863 and built as an extension to the church of St Helen, which has since been dismantled and rebuilt at Beamish Museum. Names on the gravestones tell the story of the families whose daily lives created the history of the wider area throughout the twentieth century until the present.

Research Tips

GENUKI and A Vision of Britain through Time provide quotations describing Eston in the 19th century, the first in the 1820s and the second circa 1870.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Eston. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.