Place:Esmeralda, Nevada, United States

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source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


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Esmeralda County is a county in the west of U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 783. Its county seat is Goldfield. Its 2000 census population density of was the second-lowest of any county in the contiguous United States (above Loving County, Texas). Its school district has no high school, so students 11 to 18 go to schools in Tonopah and are in the database of the Nye County School District.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Esmeralda County is one of the original counties in Nevada, established in 1861. Esmeralda is the Spanish and Portuguese word for "emerald". An early California miner from San Jose Ca (descended from the Cory family of New Jersey), James Manning Cory, named the Esmeralda Mining District after the gypsy dancer, Esmeralda, from Victor Hugo's novel, The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

Esmeralda has had three county seats: Aurora until 1883, Hawthorne from 1883 to 1907 and finally Goldfield. At one point, due to the disputed border with California, Aurora was simultaneously the county seat of both Mono County, California and Esmeralda County, Nevada. Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) wrote about his time as a miner in the Esmeralda District in his book Roughing It.

Esmeralda grew from a gold mining boom in the first years of the 20th century. The mines were largely tapped out by the end of the 1910s and the economy and population declined afterwards.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1861 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1863 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1864 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1870 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1871 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1881 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1887 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1920 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1870 1,553
1880 3,220
1890 2,148
1900 1,972
1910 9,369
1920 2,410
1930 1,077
1940 1,554
1950 614
1960 619
1970 629
1980 777
1990 1,344

Research Tips

External links

www.rootsweb.com/~nvesmera/


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