Place:Eschweiler, Aachen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany

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NameEschweiler
Alt namesAscowilaresource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 31
TypeTown
Coordinates50.817°N 6.267°E
Located inAachen, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany
Also located inAachen, Cologne, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany     (750 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Eschweiler is a municipality in the district of Aachen in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany on the river Inde, near the German-Belgian-Dutch frontier, and about east of Aachen and west of Cologne.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
  • Celtics (first ore mining) and Romans (roads and villae rusticae).
  • 828 First mentioned by Einhard, the biographer of Charlemagne.
  • 1394 Coal mining first mentioned.
  • For some centuries part of the Duchy of Jülich.
  • 1678 Completely destroyed except one house and the valuable leather Pietà.
  • 1794 To France.
  • 1800 French municipal rights and capital of the Canton of Eschweiler in the French Département de la Roer.
  • 1816 To Prussia. The French Cantons of Burtscheid and Eschweiler are put together to form the Prussian Kreis Aachen.
  • 1838 Foundation of the first joint stock company in the then Kingdom of Prussia: Eschweiler Bergwerksverein (i.e. Eschweiler Coal Mining Company) EBV.
  • 1858 Prussian municipal rights. Its quarters Hehlrath, Kinzweiler and St. Jöris are released in order to form the new municipality of Kinzweiler.
  • 1932 Hastenrath and Nothberg become a part of Eschweiler.
  • 1944 Heavily destroyed in World War II, the last coal mine was flooded during the war and never been re-opened.
  • Part of the federal land of Northrhine-Westfalia.
  • 1960s Complete modernization of Eschweiler's downtown and regulation of the Inde in order to prevent the regular inundations.
  • 1972 Reorganization of administration in Northrhine-Westfalia: Eschweiler increases overnight from some 38,000 inhabitants to about 55,000 by receiving the villages Dürwiß, Laurenzberg, Lohn and Weisweiler. Kinzweiler, after 114 years, comes back.
  • 1970s Eschweiler loses seven quarters because of the brown-coal opencast mining: Erberich, Hausen, Langendorf, Laurenzberg, Lohn, Lürken and Pützlohn.

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