Place:England

NameEngland
Alt namesAngleterresource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-7
Angliasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 20
Britannia maiorsource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 20
Britannia propriasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 20
Britannia Romanasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 20
Engsource: common abbreviation
Inghilterrasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 711
Inglaterrasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1989) p 343
Englsource: common abbreviation
TypeCountry
Coordinates53°N 2°W
Also located inUnited Kingdom     (1927 - )
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland     (1801 - 1927)
Kingdom of Great Britain     (1707 - 1800)
Commonwealth of England Scotland and Ireland     (1653 - 1659)
Commonwealth of England     (1649 - 1653)
Kingdom of England     (927 - 1649)
Contained Places
Administrative county
Bedfordshire
Berkshire
Buckinghamshire
Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely ( 1965 - 1974 )
Cambridgeshire
Cheshire
Cornwall
Cumberland ( - 1974 )
Derbyshire
Devon
Dorset
Durham
East Riding of Yorkshire ( 1889 - )
East Suffolk ( 1888 - 1974 )
East Sussex
Essex
Gloucestershire
Hampshire
Hereford and Worcester ( 1974 - 1998 )
Herefordshire
Hertfordshire
Holland ( 1888 - 1974 )
Huntingdon and Peterborough ( 1965 - 1974 )
Huntingdonshire
Isle of Ely ( 1889 - 1965 )
Isle of Wight
Kent
Kesteven ( 1889 - 1974 )
Lancashire
Leicestershire
Lindsey ( 1889 - 1974 )
London ( 1889 - 1965 )
Middlesex
Norfolk
North Riding of Yorkshire ( 1889 - 1974 )
Northamptonshire
Northumberland
Nottinghamshire
Oxfordshire
Rutland
Shropshire
Soke of Peterborough ( 1889 - 1965 )
Somerset
Staffordshire
Surrey
Warwickshire
West Riding of Yorkshire ( 1889 - 1974 )
West Suffolk ( 1888 - 1974 )
West Sussex
Westmorland ( - 1974 )
Wiltshire
Worcestershire
Country
Wales
County
Monmouthshire
Diocese
Diocese of Lichfield
Diocese of Sodor and Man
Ecclesiastical province
Canterbury
York (ecclesiastical province)
General region
Marches
Midlands
The Weald
Wessex
Historic county
Bedfordshire
Berkshire
Buckinghamshire
Cambridgeshire
Cheshire
Cornwall
Cumberland ( - 1974 )
Derbyshire
Devon
Dorset
Durham
Essex
Gloucestershire
Hampshire
Herefordshire
Hertfordshire
Huntingdonshire
Kent
Lancashire
Leicestershire
Lincolnshire
Middlesex
Norfolk
Northamptonshire
Northumberland
Nottinghamshire
Oxfordshire
Rutland
Shropshire
Somerset
Staffordshire
Suffolk
Surrey
Sussex
Warwickshire
Westmorland ( - 1974 )
Wiltshire
Worcestershire
Yorkshire
Kingdom
Mercia ( 0527 - 0919 )
Metropolitan county
Greater Manchester ( 1974 - 1986 )
Merseyside ( 1974 - 1986 )
South Yorkshire ( 1974 - )
Tyne and Wear ( 1974 - 1986 )
West Midlands ( 1974 - 1986 )
West Yorkshire ( 1974 - 1986 )
Modern county
Avon ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bedfordshire
Berkshire
Buckinghamshire
Cambridgeshire
Cheshire
Cleveland ( 1974 - 1996 )
Cornwall
Cumbria ( 1974 - )
Derbyshire
Devon
Dorset
Durham
East Riding of Yorkshire ( 1889 - )
East Sussex
Essex
Gloucestershire
Greater London ( 1965 - )
Hampshire
Herefordshire
Hertfordshire
Humberside ( 1974 - 1996 )
Isle of Wight
Kent
Lancashire
Leicestershire
Lincolnshire
Norfolk
North Yorkshire ( 1974 - )
Northamptonshire
Northumberland
Nottinghamshire
Oxfordshire
Rutland
Shropshire
Somerset
Staffordshire
Suffolk
Surrey
Warwickshire
West Suffolk ( 1888 - 1974 )
West Sussex
Wiltshire
Worcestershire
Region
East Midlands
East of England
North East England
North West England
South East England
South West England
Yorkshire and the Humber ( 1996 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies north west of England, whilst the Celtic Sea lies to the south west. The North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separate it from continental Europe. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain which lies in the North Atlantic. The country also includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight.

The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in 927 AD, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation.

England's terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north (for example, the mountainous Lake District, Pennines, and Yorkshire Dales) and in the south west (for example, Dartmoor and the Cotswolds). The former capital of England was Winchester until replaced by London in the 12th century. Today London is the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. The population of over 53 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, largely concentrated around London, the South East, and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East and Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century. The Kingdom of England – which after 1284 included Wales – was a sovereign state until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Contents

How places in England are organized

Prior to 1889 England was divided into 39 historic counties. From 1889-1974, it was divided into administrative counties. In 1974 the administrative counties were abolished and replaced by metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties. Unitary authorities were added in the 1990's. WeRelate labels metropolitan, non-metropolitan, and unitary authorities as "modern counties".

The Family History Library Catalog (FHLC) lists places in England according to their historic county with one exception: London is an administrative county created in 1889 from the historic county of Middlesex, and parts of the historic counties of Surrey, and Kent, and places are listed in the FHLC under London instead of being listed under their historic county.

The standard at WeRelate is to title English places according to their historic county when it is known, with also-located-in links to the administrative county and modern county when they are known, although rather than locating towns in unitary authorities, they are located in the associated ceremonial counties.

All places in England

Further information on historical place organization in England

Research Tips

Refer also to the England research guide

Research Tools

  1. England - FamilySearch Research Wiki

This page offers a detailed description of English, Counties, Parish, etc..

GENUKI England

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.