Elmira is a town in Chemung County, New York, United States, surrounding the city of Elmira on three sides. The town's population was 6,934 at the 2010 census. The town is in the south-central part of the county, in the Southern Tier of New York. It is part of the Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The town of Elmira was formed from the town of Chemung in 1794 as the town of Newtown. In 1808, the town changed its name to Elmira.
The main settlement of Elmira set itself off from the town in 1828, becoming the Village of Elmira. The village, absorbing more of the town over the years, became the City of Elmira in 1864.