Elizabethtown is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,163 at the 2010 census. The county seat of Essex County is a hamlet also called Elizabethtown. The name is derived from Elizabeth Gilliland, the wife of an early settler.
The Town of Elizabethtown is in the east-central part of the county. It is southwest of Burlington, VT, south of Montreal, Quebec, and north of Albany, New York. The town calls itself the "Pleasant Valley."
William Gilliland, an investor, bought up large tracts of land in Essex County. The town was first settled around 1792 near New Russia.
The Town of Elizabethtown was established in 1798 from the Town of Crown Point. The community of Elizabethtown in this town became the county seat, succeeding a location in the Town of Essex. Parts of the town were used to form the Towns of Moriah (1808), Keene (1898), and Westport (1815).
The lumber industry and processing iron ore were important in the beginning, but tourism became prominent by the end of the 19th Century.