Place:Durham, England

NameDurham
Alt namesCounty Durham
Co Durhamsource: Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Dursource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Durhamsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates54.733°N 1.75°W
Located inEngland
See alsoTyne and Wear, Englandcounty covering part of County Durham after 1974
Cleveland, Englandcounty covering part of County Durham 1974-1996
Contained Places
Borough (county)
Darlington
Gateshead ( - 1974 )
Hartlepool ( 640 - )
South Shields ( - 1974 )
Sunderland ( - 1974 )
West Hartlepool ( 1854 - 1967 )
Borough (metropolitan)
Stockton (metropolitan area) ( 1996 - )
Borough (municipal)
Durham
Jarrow ( - 1974 )
Stockton on Tees ( - 1974 )
Castle
Raby
Chapelry
Ancroft ( - 1844 )
Auckland St. Helen ( - 1937 )
Barnard Castle ( 500 - )
Birtley ( - 1974 )
Bishop Auckland
Bolam
Chester le Street
Collierley ( - 1936 )
Cornhill on Tweed ( 1844 - )
Coundon ( - 1937 )
Crook
Denton
Durham St. Margaret
Durham St. Oswald ( - 1935 )
Ebchester
Esh
Etherley
Heworth ( - 1974 )
Ingleton
Kyloe ( - 1844 )
Lamesley ( - 1974 )
Medomsley
Satley
Tudhoe
Whorlton
Witton le Wear ( - 1937 )
Civil parish
Ancroft ( - 1844 )
Archdeacon Newton
Auckland St. Helen ( - 1937 )
Barmston
Barnard Castle ( 500 - )
Bearpark
Belford ( - 1844 )
Benfieldside ( - 1937 )
Binchester
Birtley ( - 1974 )
Bishop Auckland
Blackwell
Blaydon ( - 1974 )
Bolam
Boldon ( - 1974 )
Brafferton
Brancepeth
Brandon and Byshottles
Broom ( - 1937 )
Byers Green
Chester le Street
Chopwell
Cleatlam
Cockerton
Cockfield
Collierley ( - 1936 )
Coniscliffe
Conside and Knitsley ( - 1894 )
Cornhill on Tweed ( 1844 - )
Coundon ( - 1937 )
Crawbrook ( - 1914 )
Crook and Willington ( 1937 - 1974 )
Crook
Croxdale and Hett ( 1974 - )
Denton
Duddo ( - 1844 )
Durham Castle ( - 1916 )
Durham College ( - 1916 )
Durham Magdalen Place
Durham St. Mary le Bow with St. Mary the Less ( - 1916 )
Durham St. Oswald ( - 1935 )
East Thickley ( - 1937 )
Ebchester
Edmondsley
Edmundbyers
Eldon
Elvet
Elwick ( - 1844 )
Escomb ( - 1937 )
Esh
Etherley
Evenwood and Barony ( - 1946 )
Felkington ( - 1844 )
Framwellgate
Fulwell ( - 1974 )
Gainford
Gateshead ( - 1974 )
Great Aycliffe
Greencroft
Grindon ( - 1844 )
Hamsterley (near Bishop Auckland)
Harraton ( - 1974 )
Harton ( - 1974 )
Headlam
Healeyfield
Hebburn ( - 1974 )
Hedleyhope
Helmington Row ( - 1937 )
Hett
Heworth ( - 1974 )
Holy Island ( 700 - 1844 )
Horncliffe ( - 1844 )
Hunstanworth
Hunwick and Helmington
Hylton ( - 1974 )
Ingleton
Kimblesworth
Kyloe ( - 1844 )
Kyo ( - 1937 )
Lamesley ( - 1974 )
Lanchester
Langley
Langton
Loanend ( - 1844 )
Longridge ( - 1844 )
Lynesack and Softley
Marwood
Medomsley
Merrington Lane ( 1935 - )
Merrington ( - 1935 )
Middlestone ( - 1937 )
Middridge Grange
Middridge
Monks House ( - 1844 )
Monkwearmouth Shore ( - 1974 )
Monkwearmouth ( - 1974 )
Muggleswick
Newfield (near Bishop Auckland)
Newfield (near Chester le Street)
Newton Cap ( - 1937 )
Norham Mains ( - 1844 )
Norham ( 500 - 1844 )
North Bedburn ( - 1937 )
Old Park ( - 1937 )
Ouston
Pelton
Piercebridge
Plawsworth
Pollards Lands ( - 1937 )
Preston le Skerne
Ross ( - 1844 )
Ryton Woodside
Ryton ( - 1974 )
Satley
Shildon
Shoreswood ( - 1844 )
Sockburn
South Bedburn
Southwick ( - 1974 )
Stainton with Streatlam
Stella
Stockley
Summerhouse
Tanfield
Thornton ( - 1844 )
Tudhoe
Twizell (near Norham) ( - 1844 )
Urpeth
Usworth ( - 1974 )
Waldridge
Washington ( - 1974 )
Westerton
Westoe ( - 1974 )
Westwick
Whickham ( - 1974 )
Whitburn ( - 1974 )
Whorlton
Willington
Windlestone
Winlaton ( - 1974 )
Witton Gilbert
Witton le Wear ( - 1937 )
Woodham
Woodland
Yarm
District municipality
Chester le Street District ( 1974 - 2009 )
City of Durham District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Darlington District ( 1974 - )
Derwentside District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Easington District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Hartlepool District ( 1996 - )
Sedgefield District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Stockton on Tees District ( 1996 - )
Teesdale District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Wear Valley District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Extra parochial area
Durham Castle ( - 1916 )
Durham College ( - 1916 )
Durham Magdalen Place
Monks House ( - 1844 )
Hamlet
Preston le Skerne
Hundred
Chester Ward
Darlington Ward
Durham Ward
Easington Ward
Islandshire ( - 1844 )
Norhamshire ( - 1844 )
Stockton Ward
Inhabited place
Aislaby
Allensford
Ancroft
Annfield Plain
Aukside
Aycliffe Village
Barmpton
Barningham ( 1974 - )
Beamish
Beaumont Hill
Bedburn
Belmont
Bildershaw
Billingham
Billy Row
Bishop Middleham
Bishopsgarth
Bishopton
Blackhall Colliery
Blackhall Rocks
Blackhill
Boldron ( 1974 - )
Bournmoor
Bowbank ( 1974 - )
Bowburn
Bowlees
Bradbury
Bridge End
Bridgehill
Brierton
Brignall ( 1974 - )
Broom Hill
Brotherlee
Burnhope
Burnopfield
Butsfield
Butterknowle
Butterwick
Carlton
Carrville
Cassop
Castle Eden
Castleside
Catchgate
Causey
Chester Moor
Chilton Lane
Chilton
Close House
Clough Dene
Coal Bank
Coatham Mundeville
Cold Hesledon
Consett
Copley
Copthill
Cornforth
Cornriggs
Cornsay Colliery
Cornsay
Cotherstone ( 1974 - )
Coundongate
Cowpen Bewley
Cowshill
Coxhoe
Craghead
Craigside
Crawcrook ( - 1974 )
Crawleyside
Crimdon
Crookgate Bank
Crookhall
Daddry Shield
Dalton Piercy
Dalton le Dale
Dawdon
Deaf Hill
Dean Bank
Delves
Deneside
Dent Bank
Durham
Easington Colliery
Easington
East Blackdene
East Briscoe ( 1974 - )
East Law
East Stanley
Eastbourne
Eastgate
Eden Vale
Egglesburn
Eggleston
Eldon Lane
Elstob
Elton
Elwick
Embleton
Esperley Lane Ends
Ettersgill
Ferryhill Station
Ferryhill
Firth Moor
Fishburn
Fleming Field
Flint Hill
Forest-in-Teesdale
Foxton
Framwellgate Moor
Frosterley
Gilesgate Moor
Gilesgate
Gilmonby ( 1974 - )
Grange Villa
Grassholme ( 1974 - )
Great Burdon
Great Chilton
Great Lumley
Great Stainton
Greatham
Greenhill
Greta Bridge ( 1974 - )
Grindon
Hallgarth
Hardwick
Harelaw
Harperley
Harrowgate Hill
Harrowgate Village
Hart Station
Hart
Harwood
Haswell Moor
Haswell Plough
Haswell
Haughton le Skerne
Hawthorn
Hedley Hill
Heighington
Hesleden
High Dyke
High Etherley
High Forge
High Friarside
High Grange
High Haswell
High Hesleden
High Shincliffe
High Stoop
High Throston
High Urpeth
High Westwood
Hill End
Hill Top
Hobson
Holmside
Holwick
Horden
Horsleyhope
Houghton Bank
Houghton le Side
Howden le Wear
Hummersknott
Hurworth Place
Hurworth on Tees
Hury ( 1974 - )
Hutton Henry
Hutton Magna ( 1974 - )
Inkerman
Ireshopeburn
Iveston
Kelloe
Killerby
Kinninvie
Kip Hill
Knitsley
Laithkirk
Langdon Beck
Lartington ( 1974 - )
Leadgate
Leamside
Lingfield
Lintz
Lintzgarth
Little Newsham
Little Stainton
Little Thorpe
Littletown
Longnewton
Low Dinsdale
Low Walworth
Low Westwood
Lowes Barn
Ludworth
Lumley Thicks
Maiden Law
Mainsforth
Merrybent
Metal Bridge
Mickleton ( 1974 - )
Middle Side
Middlestone Moor
Middleton St. George
Middleton in Teesdale
Middleton
Monk End
Monk Hesleden
Moor End
Moorside
Mordon
Morley
Mount Pleasant
Murton
Neasham
Nettlesworth
Nevilles Cross
New House
New Hunwick
Newbiggin
Newbottle
Newton Aycliffe ( 1947 - 1988 )
Newton Bewley
Newton Hall
Newton Ketton
No Place
North Bitchburn
North Close
Northlea
Norton
Oak Tree
Oakenshaw
Old Cassop
Old Eldon
Old Quarrington
Old Stillington
Old Wingate
Ornsby Hill
Ovington ( 1974 - )
Owton Manor
Oxhill
Page Bank
Parkside
Pelton Fell
Peterlee
Phoenix Row
Pickering Nook
Pittington
Pity Me
Port Clarence
Portrack
Quaking Houses
Quarrington Hill
Rainton Gate
Ramshaw
Redmarshall
Redworth
Rift House
Rise Carr
Roddymoor
Rokeby
Romaldkirk ( 1974 - )
Rookhope
Roseworth
Royal Oak
Rushyford
Sacriston
Sadberge
Scargill ( 1974 - )
School Aycliffe
Seaham
Seaton Carew
Seaton
Sedgefield
Shadforth
Sheep Hill
Sheraton
Sherburn Hill
Sherburn
Shield Row
Shincliffe
Shittlehope
Shotley Bridge
Shotton Colliery
Shotton
Skerne Park
Snaisgill
South Church
South Hetton
South Moor
South Pelaw
South Shields ( - 1974 )
South Side
South Stanley
South Wingate
Spennymoor
Springwell
St. John's Chapel
Staindrop
Stainton
Stanhope
Stanley Crook
Stanley
Startforth ( 1974 - )
Station Town
Stillington
Stony Heap
Sunderland Bridge
Sunderland ( - 1974 )
Sunniside
Sunny Brow
Tan Hills
The Dene
The Grove
The Headland
The Middles
The Slack
Thinford
Thornaby
Thornley
Thorpe Larches
Thorpe Thewles
Thringarth ( 1974 - )
Tindale Crescent
Todhills
Toft Hill
Tow Law
Town Kelloe
Townfield
Trimdon Colliery
Trimdon Grange
Trimdon
Tudhoe Grange
Tursdale
Urlay Nook
Wackerfield
Wall Nook
Walworth Gate
Walworth
Waskerley
Wearhead
West Blackdene
West Cornforth
West Lea
West Pasture
West Rainton
West View
Westgate
Wheatley Hill
Whinfield
White Kirkley
White-le-Head
Whitton
Whitworth
Wingate
Winston
Wolsingham
Wolviston
Woodside
Wycliffe ( 1974 - )
Yarm
Parish
Barningham ( 1974 - )
Bishopwearmouth ( - 1974 )
Durham St. Cuthbert
Durham St. Giles ( - 1916 )
Durham St. Margaret
Durham St. Nicholas
Ford ( - 1974 )
Penshaw
South Shields St. Stephen
Sunderland ( - 1974 )
Parish (ancient)
Auckland St. Andrew
Aycliffe
Bedlington ( - 1844 )
Belford ( - 1844 )
Boldon ( - 1974 )
Brancepeth
Chester le Street
Cockfield
Coniscliffe
Darlington
Durham St. Mary le Bow with St. Mary the Less ( - 1916 )
Durham St. Oswald ( - 1935 )
Edmundbyers
Gainford
Gateshead ( - 1974 )
Holy Island ( 700 - 1844 )
Kimblesworth
Lanchester
Merrington ( - 1935 )
Monkwearmouth ( - 1974 )
Muggleswick
Norham ( 500 - 1844 )
Ryton ( - 1974 )
Sockburn
South Shields St. Hilda
Washington ( - 1974 )
Whickham ( - 1974 )
Whitburn ( - 1974 )
Witton Gilbert
Registration district
Auckland Registration District
Darlington Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Stockton Registration District ( 1837 - 1875 )
Teesdale Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Weardale Registration District
Rural district
Auckland Rural ( 1894 - 1937 )
Barnard Castle Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Chester le Street Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Darlington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Durham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Easington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hartlepool Rural
Houghton le Spring Rural ( 1894 - 1937 )
Lanchester Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Sedgefield Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
South Shields Rural ( 1894 - 1936 )
Stockton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Sunderland Rural ( 1894 - 1967 )
Weardale Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Settlement
Choppington ( - 1844 )
Suburb
Blackwell
Dunston ( - 1974 )
Township
Archdeacon Newton
Barmston
Belford ( - 1844 )
Benfieldside ( - 1937 )
Binchester
Bishop Auckland
Blackwell
Bolam
Brafferton
Brandon and Byshottles
Broom ( - 1937 )
Byers Green
Choppington ( - 1844 )
Chopwell
Cleatlam
Cockerton
Collierley ( - 1936 )
Conside and Knitsley ( - 1894 )
Coundon ( - 1937 )
Crawbrook ( - 1914 )
Duddo ( - 1844 )
East Thickley ( - 1937 )
Edmondsley
Eldon
Elvet
Elwick ( - 1844 )
Escomb ( - 1937 )
Etherley
Evenwood and Barony ( - 1946 )
Felkington ( - 1844 )
Framwellgate
Fulwell ( - 1974 )
Great Aycliffe
Greencroft
Grindon ( - 1844 )
Hamsterley (near Bishop Auckland)
Harraton ( - 1974 )
Harton ( - 1974 )
Headlam
Healeyfield
Hedleyhope
Hedworth Monkton and Jarrow ( - 1894 )
Helmington Row ( - 1937 )
Hett
Horncliffe ( - 1844 )
Hunstanworth
Hunwick and Helmington
Hylton ( - 1974 )
Ingleton
Kyo ( - 1937 )
Langley
Langton
Loanend ( - 1844 )
Longridge ( - 1844 )
Lynesack and Softley
Marwood
Middlestone ( - 1937 )
Middridge Grange
Middridge
Monkwearmouth Shore ( - 1974 )
Newfield (near Bishop Auckland)
Newfield (near Chester le Street)
Newton Cap ( - 1937 )
Norham Mains ( - 1844 )
North Bedburn ( - 1937 )
Old Park ( - 1937 )
Ouston
Pelton
Piercebridge
Plawsworth
Pollards Lands ( - 1937 )
Preston le Skerne
Ross ( - 1844 )
Ryton Woodside
Shildon
Shoreswood ( - 1844 )
South Bedburn
Southwick ( - 1974 )
Stainton with Streatlam
Stella
Stockley
Summerhouse
Tanfield
Thornton ( - 1844 )
Twizell (near Norham) ( - 1844 )
Urpeth
Usworth ( - 1974 )
Waldridge
Westerton
Westoe ( - 1974 )
Westwick
Whorlton
Willington
Windlestone
Winlaton ( - 1974 )
Woodham
Woodland
Unitary authority
Darlington District ( 1974 - )
Hartlepool District ( 1996 - )
Stockton (metropolitan area) ( 1996 - )
Stockton on Tees District ( 1996 - )
Unknown
Barlow
Bishopwearmouth Panns
Bowden Close
Bradley Lordship
Browney Colliery
Browney
Burdon
Burnop and Hamsteels
Byermoor
Castletown
Chester
Chilton Moor
Clara Vale
Claxton
Cleadon
Coatsawmoor
Cocken
Cold-Rowley
Coxgreen
Deaf Hill cum Langdale
Deptford
Eaglescliffe
Easington Lane
East Hartburn
East Howle Colliery
East Morton
East Rainton
East and Middle Herrington
East and West Newbiggin
Egglestone
Elwick Hall
Felling
Fence Houses
Finchale
Five Houses
Forest and Frith
Forest-Quarter
Foxton and Shotton
Fylands Bridge
Garmondsway Moor
Gateshead Fell
Goosepool
Great Eppleton
Greenside
Haverton-Hill
Heatherycleugh
Hedley
Hedworth
Helme Park
Helmington
Hendon
Hetton le Hole
High Fell
High Spen
Houghton le Spring
Hulam
Hurworth
Lambton
Lanehead
Langleydale and Shotton
Leazes
Lintz Green
Little Eppleton
Little Lumley
Low Fell
Lumley
Marley Hill
Marton
Millfield
Monk Hesleton
Monkton
Moorhouse
Moorsley
Morton Grange
Morton Palms
Nesbitt
New Herrington
New Penshaw
New Seaham
Newbiggen (near Bishop Auckland)
Newbiggen (near Middleton in Teesdale)
Newlandside with Bishopley
Newsham
North Bailey
North Biddick
Offerton
Oxneyfield
Pease's West
Pelaw
Pierremont
Piersebridge
Preston on Tees
Quarrington
Raby with Keverstone
Ravensworth
Roker
Rowley
Rumby Hill
Ryhope
Seaham Colliery
Seaham Harbour
Seaton and Slingley
Sheraton with Hulam
Sherburn Hospital
Shiney-Row
Silksworth
Sleetburn
South Bailey
South Biddick
South Westoe
Spion Kop
Stargate
Stranton
Thornley (near Tow Law)
Thorpe Bulmer
Thrislington
Throston
Tottenham
Tunstall
Tyne Dock
Warden Law
West Herrington
Whessoe
Whitwell House
Wreckenton
Urban district
Barnard Castle ( 500 - )
Bedlington ( - 1844 )
Benfieldside ( - 1937 )
Bishop Auckland
Blaydon ( - 1974 )
Boldon ( - 1974 )
Brandon and Byshottles
Crook and Willington ( 1937 - 1974 )
Hebburn ( - 1974 )
Ryton ( - 1974 )
Shildon
Southwick ( - 1974 )
Tanfield
Washington ( - 1974 )
Whickham ( - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

County Durham is a county in northeast England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city, whilst the largest settlement is Darlington. It borders the county of Tyne and Wear to the northeast, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. Before 1974 the county included the southern part of Tyne and Wear, including Gateshead and Darlington.

The county has a heritage of both mining and farming, as well as a heavy railway industry, particularly in the southeast of the county in Darlington, Shildon and Stockton on Tees. Its economy was historically based on coal and iron mining. Durham is an area of regeneration and promoted as a tourist destination; in the centre of the city of Durham, Durham Castle and Durham Cathedral are a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site.

The natural border of most of the original county of Durham was the River Tyne. Facing the river were a series of county and municipal boroughs and urban districts, densely populated from about 1850 onward when coal production was at its height. Working from the sea inland the conurbation included South Shields, Jarrow, Hebburn, Felling (with the large village of Heworth), Gateshead, Whickham (with Dunston), Winlaton (with Blaydon), and Ryton

History

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article County Durham. The History section of the Wikipedia article covers thirteen centuries.

Local government

the text in this section is based on a section of an article in Wikipedia

The ceremonial county of Durham is administered by four unitary authorities. The ceremonial county has no administrative function, but remains the area to which the Lord Lieutenant of Durham and the High Sheriff of Durham are appointed.

  • County Durham (governed by Durham County Council). The unitary district was formed on 1 April 2009 replacing the previous two-tier system of a county council providing strategic services and seven district councils providing more local facilities. The seven districts abolished were:
  • The Borough of Darlington. Darlington was a district in a two-tier arrangement with Durham County Council until 1997; it is now a unitary authority.
  • The Borough of Hartlepool. Until 1 April 1996 the borough was one of four districts in the relatively short-lived county of Cleveland, which was abolished that year; it is now a unitary authority.
  • The part of the Borough of Stockton on Tees that is north of the centre of the River Tees. Stockton was also part of Cleveland until that county's abolition in 1996 and is now a unitary authority. The remainder of the borough is part of the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire.

Research Tips

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