Place:Douai, Douai, Nord, France

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NameDouai
Alt namesDouaysource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Duacumsource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 250; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 341
TypeCommune
Coordinates50.367°N 3.083°E
Located inDouai, Nord, France
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Douai (; Dutch: Dowaai) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. Located on the river Scarpe some from Lille and from Arras, Douai is home to one of the region's most impressive belfries. The population of the metropolitan area, including Lens, was 552,682 in 1999.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Its site probably corresponds to that of a 4th-century Roman fortress known as Duacum. From 10th century the town was a romance fiefdom of the counts of Flanders. The town became a flourishing textile market centre during the Middle Ages, historically known as Douay or Doway in English. In 1384, the county of Flanders passed into the domains of the Dukes of Burgundy and thence in 1477 into Habsburg possessions.

In 1667, Douai was taken by the troops of Louis XIV of France, and by the 1668 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the town was ceded to France. During successive sieges from 1710 to 1712, Douai was almost completely destroyed. By 1713, the town was fully integrated into France. Douai became the seat of the Parliament of Flanders.

Apart from the ferment of the French Revolution, it was again caught up in hostilities in World War I, and in 1918, the town was partly burned, while World War II also brought considerable damage to Douai. The town is still a transportation and commercial center for the area, which is known for its coalfield, the richest in northern France.

Heraldry

source: Family History Library Catalog

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