Cullman County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Colonel John G. Cullmann. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,406. Its county seat is the town of the same name, Cullman, Alabama. It is a "moist" county in terms of availability of alcoholic beverages, which means that the cities of Cullman and Hanceville are wet and the rest of the county is dry. Cullman is served by TV stations and FM radio stations from both Huntsville and Birmingham. Cullman County is a part of the designated market area, or "DMA," of Birmingham. Electricity in Cullman County is provided by the Tennessee Valley Authority and by the Alabama Power Company. For a long time, telephone service in this county was provided by the Southern Bell Company.
There is no commercial air transportation service in Cullman County, and this county is no longer served by intercity commercial buses.
The entirety of Cullman County forms the Cullman micropolitan area, and a part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area.
This area was inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. The historic Cherokee and Choctaw lived here at the time of European encounter. The Cherokee who remained in the county after Indian Removal in the 1830s have worked at reviving their culture in the last thirty years. The Echota Cherokee are a recognized tribe.
Cullman County was established by German American immigrants from Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1877. They founded an agricultural community and sought to create an agricultural revolution in what had been a frontier area, in the best traditions of innovation in the New South. However, hard geographical and social realties clashed with the often impractical vision of colonizer John G. Cullmann. His Germans, with their traditional work ethic and willingness to experiment with such new products as wine and strawberries, did try to make practical changes in southern farming. The Germans were however outnumbered by more traditional families from neighboring regions, who replicated the traditional southern cotton culture.