Place:Crowley, Colorado, United States

Watchers
NameCrowley
Alt namesCrowleysource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates38.35°N 103.783°W
Located inColorado, United States     (1911 - )
See alsoOtero, Colorado, United StatesParent county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Crowley County is one of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado of the United States. The county population was 5,518 at U.S. Census 2000. The county seat is Ordway.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Crowley County was created by the Colorado legislature on May 29, 1911, out of the northern portions of Otero County. Previously both were parts of Bent County. The county was named for John H. Crowley, senator from Otero County to the state legislature at the time of the split. Its original inhabitants decades earlier were native Americans, more Cheyenne than other tribes at the time the western expansion of the U.S. arrived.

The first significant development and settlement occurred in 1887 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad came through from the east, on its way to Pueblo and Colorado's rich gold fields of "Pikes Peak Or Bust".

The county seat is in Ordway, a town established in 1890 that quickly became the economic hub of the area. Other towns still existing along the Missouri Pacific Railroad's route are Sugar City, Crowley, and Olney Springs.

A few years later, developers brought a canal east from the Arkansas River, with ambitious plans to irrigate a million acres (4000 km²) in Kansas; instead, the canal petered out in Crowley County but did irrigate along its length. This turned early Crowley County into a lush agricultural mecca at first.

By the 1970s almost all the water rights were sold from what is now called the Twin Lakes Canal to the fast-growing cities of Colorado's Front Range corridor. The area's economic activity has shifted toward ranching. Much of the land has returned to its original sparse prairie grassland conditions.

The Crowley School, which is now the Crowley County Heritage Center, is the county's only historic site listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Crowley County also today hosts a state prison. The 2000 census showed 5,518 county residents, of which 1,955 were prisoners, giving Crowley County the highest percentage of incarcerated prisoners of any county in the U.S. The county maintained this position in the 2010 census, with 2,682 prisoners out of 5,823 residents.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1911 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1911 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1911 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1911 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1911 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1920 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1920 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1920 6,383
1930 5,934
1940 5,398
1950 5,222
1960 3,978
1970 3,086
1980 2,988
1990 3,946

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