Crato is a city of 130,000 inhabitants on the banks of the river Granjeiro in the south of the state of Ceará, in the northeast of Brazil. It was founded on June 21, 1764 by the Capuchin friar Carlos Maria de Ferrara. Originally it was a small village in which the population were principally native Kariris, it gained official status as a city on October 17, 1817.
Crato is about 550 km from Fortaleza, the capital of the state of Ceará. Its county has a surface area of approximately 1,117 km². It is at an altitude of 426m, . Its population of 110,000 makes it the sixth largest city in Ceará. The economy is a mix of trading and agriculture; , a small industrial park is expanding. The region is rich in minerals, especially gypsum and marble.
Crato has its Roman Catholic Diocese which has contributed for the educational system of the region with good schools such as Colégio Diocesano do Crato, Colégio Santa Teresa de Jesus, Colégio Pequeno Príncipe and The Catholic Philosophy College. There are many other good schools. The main campus of URCA (Universidade Regional do Cariri) is located here.
The city is surrounded by a tropical wood in the Araripe basin (Serra do Araripe) near the border of the state of Pernambuco. the climate is generally mild, with somewhat more rain than is typical of the region.