Place:County Cork, Republic of Ireland

Watchers
NameCounty Cork
Alt namesCo. Cork
Contae Chorcaísource: Wikipedia
Corcaighsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) III, 633
Corksource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates51.967°N 8.583°W
Located inRepublic of Ireland     (1922 - )
Also located inIreland     ( - 1922)
Contained Places
Unknown
Clonakilty
Glantane
Inhabited place
Adrigole
Aghabullogue
Ardgroom
Balincollig
Ballinascarty
Ballineen/Enniskean
Ballingeary
Ballinhassig
Ballycotton
Ballydehob
Ballydesmond
Ballygarvan
Ballyhea
Ballylickey
Ballymacoda
Ballymakeery
Ballynoe
Bandon
Banteer
Barleycove
Blackpool
Blarney
Buttevant
Carrigaline
Carrigtwohill
Castlemartyr
Castletownbere
Castletownroche
Castletownshend
Cloyne ( 300 - )
Coachford
Cork
Courtmacsherry
Crookhaven
Crookstown
Doneraile
Donoughmore
Drimoleague
Dromahane
Dunmanway
Durrus
Fermoy
Freemount
Glanmire
Glanworth
Glengarriff
Glenville
Glounthaune
Goleen
Grenagh
Innishannon
Kanturk
Kilcorney
Kildorrery
Kinsale
Leap
Leopardstown
Lough Mahon
Macroom
Mallow
Midleton
Millstreet
Monkstown
Newcestown
Newmarket
Nohaval
Oysterhaven
Passage West
Rathcormack
Ringaskiddy
Rylane
Sallybrook
Schull
Shanagarry
Skibbereen
Timoleague
Union Hall
Watergrasshill
Whitegate
Youghal
Unknown
Abbeymahon
Abbeystrowry
Abbeystrowy
Aghabulloge
Aghacross
Aghada
Aghadown
Aghern
Aghinagh
Aglish
Aglishdrinagh
Ardagh
Ardfield
Ardnageehy
Ardskeagh
Athnowen
Ballinaboy
Ballinadee
Ballintemple
Ballyclogh
Ballycurrany
Ballydeloher
Ballydeloughy
Ballyfeard
Ballyfoyle
Ballyhay
Ballyhooly
Ballymartle
Ballymodan
Ballymoney
Ballyoughtera
Ballyspillane
Barnahely
Bohillane
Bondon
Bregoge
Bridgetown
Brigown
Brinny
Britway
Caheragh
Caherduggan
Caherlag
Cannaway
Carrigdownane
Carrigleamleary
Carrigrohane
Carrigrohanebeg
Carrigtohill
Castlehaven
Castlelyons
Castlemagner
Castleventry
Churchtown
Clear-island
Clenor
Clondrohid
Clondulane
Clonfert
Clonmeen
Clonmel
Clonmult
Clonpriest
Clontead
Cobh
Coole
Cooliney
Corbally
Corkbeg
Creagh
Cullen (Duhollow Barony)
Cullen (Kinalea Barony)
Currykippane
Dangandonovan
Derryvillane
Desert
Desertmore
Desertserges
Donaghmore (Barretts and East Muskerry Baronies)
Donaghmore (Ibane and Barryroe Barony)
Drinagh
Dripsey
Drishane
Dromdaleague
Dromdowney
Dromtarriff
Dunbulloge
Dunderrow
Dungourney
Dunisky
Dunmahon
Fanlobbus
Farahy
Garranekinnefeake
Garrycloyne
Garryvoe
Gortroe
Holy Trinity
Ightermurragh
Imphrick
Inch
Inchigeelagh
Inchinabacky
Inishannon
Inishcarra
Inishkenny
Island
Kilbolane
Kilbonane
Kilbrin
Kilbrittain
Kilbrogan
Kilbroney
Kilcaskan
Kilcatherine
Kilcoe
Kilcorcoran
Kilcredan
Kilcrohane
Kilcrumper
Kilcully
Kilcummer
Kilfaughnabeg
Kilgariff
Kilgrogan
Kilgullane
Kilkerranmore
Killaconenagh
Killanully
Killaspugmullane
Killathy
Killeagh
Killeenemer
Killowen
Kilmacabea
Kilmacdonogh
Kilmaclenine
Kilmahon
Kilmaloda
Kilmeen (Duhollow Barony)
Kilmeen (East Carbery & Ibane-Barryroe Baronies)
Kilmichael
Kilmocomoge
Kilmoe
Kilmoney
Kilmonoge
Kilmurry
Kilnaglory
Kilnagross
Kilnamanagh
Kilnamartery
Kilpatrick
Kilphelan
Kilquane
Kilroan
Kilroe
Kilshanahan
Kilshannig
Kilsillagh
Kilworth
Kinneigh
Kinure
Knockavilly
Knockmourne
Knocktemple
Lackeen
Leighmoney
Leitrim
Liscarroll
Liscleary
Lisgoold
Lislee
Litter
Little Island
Macloneigh
Macroney
Magourney
Marmullane
Marshalstown
Matehy
Middleton
Mogeely (Imokilly Barony)
Mogeely (Kinnatalloon Barony)
Mogeesha
Monanimy
Mourneabbey
Moviddy
Murragh
Myross
Nohavaldaly
Queenstown
Rahan
Rathbarry
Rathclarin
Rathcooney
Rathgoggan
Ringcurran
Ringrone
Rooska
Roskeen
Ross
Rostellan
Shandrum
St. Anne's-Shandon
St. Finbar's
St. Mary's-Shandon
St. Michael's
St. Nathlash
St. Nicholas
St. Paul's
St. Peter's
Subulter
Templebodan
Templebreedy
Templebryan
Templemartin
Templemichael
Templemolaga
Templenacarriga
Templeomalus
Templequinlan
Templeroan
Templerobin
Templetrine
Templeusque
Tisaxon
Titeskin
Trabolgan
Tracton
Tullagh
Tullylease
Wallstown
Whitechurch
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

County Cork is a county in Ireland. It is located in the South-West Region and is also part of the province of Munster. It is named after the city of Cork. Cork County Council is the local authority for the county. In 2011, the county's population was 518,128 making it the second most populous of the counties in the state.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The county is colloquially referred to as "The Rebel County". This name has 15th Century origins, but from the 20th century the name has been more commonly attributed to the prominent role Cork played in the Irish War of Independence (1919–1921) when it was the scene of considerable fighting. In addition, it was an anti-treaty stronghold during the Irish Civil War (1922–23). Much of what is now county Cork was once part of the Kingdom of Deas Mumhan (South Munster), anglicised as "Desmond", ruled by the MacCarthy Mór dynasty. After the Norman Invasion in the 12th century, the McCarthy clan were pushed westward into what is now West Cork and County Kerry. Dunlough Castle, standing just north of Mizen Head, is one of the oldest castles in Ireland (A.D. 1207). The north and east of Cork were taken by the Hiberno-Norman FitzGerald dynasty, who became the Earls of Desmond. Cork City was given an English Royal Charter in 1318 and for many centuries was an outpost for Old English culture. The Fitzgerald Desmond dynasty was destroyed in the Desmond Rebellions of 1569–1573 and 1579–83. Much of county Cork was devastated in the fighting, particularly in the Second Desmond Rebellion. In the aftermath, much of Cork was colonised by English settlers in the Plantation of Munster.

In 1491 Cork played a part in the English Wars of the Roses when Perkin Warbeck, a pretender to the English throne, landed in the city and tried to recruit support for a plot to overthrow Henry VII of England.The Cork people fought with Perkin because he was French and not English, they were the only county in Ireland to join the fight. The mayor of Cork and several important citizens went with Warbeck to England but when the rebellion collapsed they were all captured and executed. Cork's nickname of the 'rebel city' originates in these events.

In 1601 the decisive Battle of Kinsale took place in County Cork, which was to lead to English domination of Ireland for centuries. Kinsale had been the scene of a landing of Spanish troops to help Irish rebels in the Nine Years' War (1594–1603). When this force was defeated, the rebel hopes for victory in the war were all but ended. County Cork was officially created by a division of the older County Desmond in 1606.

In the 19th century, Cork was a centre for the Fenians and for the constitutional nationalism of the Irish Parliamentary Party, from 1910 that of the All-for-Ireland Party. The county was a hotbed of guerrilla activity during the Irish War of Independence (1919–1921). Three Cork Brigades of the Irish Republican Army operated in the county and another in the city. Prominent actions included the Kilmichael Ambush in November 1920 and the Crossbarry Ambush in March 1921. The activity of IRA flying columns, such as the one under Tom Barry in west Cork, was popularised in the Ken Loach film The Wind That Shakes The Barley. On 11 December 1920 Cork City centre was gutted by fires started by the Black and Tans in reprisal for IRA attacks. Over 300 buildings were destroyed, many other towns and villages around the county suffered a similar fate including Fermoy.

During the Irish Civil War (1922–23), most of the IRA units in Cork sided against the Anglo-Irish Treaty. From July to August 1922 they held the city and county as part of the so-called Munster Republic. However, Cork was taken by troops of the Irish Free State in August 1922 in the Irish Free State offensive, that included both overland and seaborne attacks. For the remainder of the war, the county saw sporadic guerrilla fighting until the Anti-Treaty side called a ceasefire and dumped their arms in May 1923. Michael Collins, a key figure in the War of Independence, was born near Clonakilty and assassinated during the civil war in Béal na Bláth, both in west Cork.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article County Cork. especially the section "Geography and political subdivisions" and its subsections "Baronies" and "Civil parishes and townlands"

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at County Cork. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.