Place:Corinth, Alcorn, Mississippi, United States

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NameCorinth
Alt namesCross Citysource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS28003682
TypeCity
Coordinates34.937°N 88.515°W
Located inAlcorn, Mississippi, United States
Contained Places
Cemetery
Corinth National Cemetery
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Corinth is a city in and the county seat of Alcorn County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 14,573 at the 2010 census. Its ZIP codes are 38834 and 38835.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Corinth was founded in 1853 as Cross City, so-called because it served as a junction for the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. It was the town's early newspaper editor, W. E. Gibson, who suggested the name of Corinth, named for the city in Greece that also served as a crossroads.

Corinth's location at the junction of two railroads made it strategically important to the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard retreated to Corinth after the Battle of Shiloh, pursued by Union Major General Henry W. Halleck. General Beauregard abandoned the town when General Halleck approached, letting it fall into the Union's hands. Since Halleck approached so cautiously, digging entrenchments at every stop for over a month, this action has been known as the Siege of Corinth.

The Union sent Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to Corinth as well and concentrated its forces in the city. The Second Battle of Corinth took place on October 3−4, 1862, when Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn attempted to retake the city. The Confederate troops won back the city for a very brief period but were quickly forced out again on the same day when the Union troops were reinforced.

Locales on the National Register of Historic Places

  • Battery Williams (also known as Fort Williams)
  • Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites
  • Coliseum Theatre- built in the early 20th century in the Colonial Revival style
  • Corinth National Cemetery
  • Downtown Corinth Historic District
  • Dr. Joseph M. Bynum House—a home in the Late Gothic Revival style built in the late 19th century
  • Federal Siege Trench (also known as Harper Road Trench)
  • Fort Robinette (also known as Battery Robinette)—site of the Civil War Interpretive Center
  • Jacinto Courthouse (also called the Old Tishomingo County Courthouse)—built in the mid-19th century in the Federal style
  • L.C. Steele House
  • Midtown Corinth Historic District
  • Moores Creek site—a prehistoric Native American site from 3000 to 3500 B.C.
  • Old U.S. Post Office
  • Rienzi Commercial Historic District
  • Thomas F. Dilworth House
  • Union Battery F, Battle of Corinth
  • Union Earthworks
  • Veranda House (also known as the Curlee House)—built in 1857, it served as headquarters for Confederate generals during the Battle of Corinth

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Corinth, Mississippi. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.