- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
Corbridge is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England, 16 miles (26 km) west of Newcastle upon Tyne and 4 miles (6 km) east of Hexham. Villages nearby include Halton, Acomb, Aydon and Sandhoe. The population of the parish was 3,672 at the UK census of 2011.
Corbridge was known to the Romans as "Coria" and was the most northerly town in the Roman Empire, lying at the junction of Stanegate and Dere Street.
The first fort was established c. AD 85, although there was a slightly earlier base nearby at Beaufront Red House. By the middle of the 2nd century AD, the fort was replaced by a town with two walled military compounds, which were garrisoned until the end of the Roman occupation of the site.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Corbridge.
A nineteenth century description
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Corbridge from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "CORBRIDGE, a small town, a township, and a parish in Hexham [registration] district, Northumberland. The town stands on Watling-street and the river Tyne, adjacent to the Newcastle and Carlisle railway, in the vicinity of the Roman Corstopitum, 2¾ miles S of the Roman wall, and 3¼ E of Hexham. It had a monastery in 771; was occupied by David I. [of Scotland] in 1138; was burnt by the Scots in 1296 and 1311; sent members to parliament in the time of Edward I.; had, at one period, five churches; was long a market town; displays now an aspect of grey antiquity; and has a head post office, a railway station, a market cross, an old tower, once a jail, a seven-arched bridge, a parish church, three dissenting chapels, and charities £67. The church is old, of fortified structure, and in good condition.
- "The township includes the town, and comprises 4,499 acres. Population: 1,340. Houses: 288. Corchester, about ½ a mile west of the town, is the Roman Corstopitum; and there Roman coins and altars, two Greek inscriptions, a silver-votive tablet of 148 oz., and remains of an ancient bridge have been found.
- "The parish contains also the townships of Dilston, Thornbrough, Aydon, Aydon-Castle, Halton, Halton-Shields, Clarewood, Great Whittington, and Little Whittington. Acres: 13,130. Real property: £10,582. Population: 2,170. Houses: 444. The manor belonged to the Claverings and the Percys. Dilston was the seat of the Earls of Derwentwater. The living is a vicarage, united with the [perpetual] curacy of Halton, in the diocese of Durham. Value: £482. Patrons: the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle."
Townships in Parish
Corbridge was an ancient parish in the Tynedale Ward which also became a civil parish in the 19th century. In 1866 all its townships became independent civil parishes and in 1894 they all became part of Hexham Rural District. In 1955 the civil parishes of Aydon, Aydon Castle, Dilston, Little Whittington, Portgate and Thornbrough were all absorbed back into Corbridge.
- Northumberland Archives previously known as Northumberland Collections Service and Northumberland County Record Office. Now based within Woodhorn Museum in Ashington and providing free access to numerous records for local and family historians alike.
- Full postal address: Museum and Northumberland Archives, Queen Elizabeth II Country Park, Ashington, Northumberland, NE63 9YF; Phone: 01670 624455
- There is a branch office in Berwick upon Tweed.