Place:Cockatoo Island, New South Wales, Australia

Watchers


NameCockatoo Island
TypeUnknown
Located inNew South Wales, Australia
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cockatoo Island, an UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an island located at the junction of the Parramatta and Lane Cove rivers, in Sydney Harbour, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

At it is the largest of several islands that were, in their original state, heavily timbered sandstone knolls. Cockatoo Island rose to above sea level and is now cleared of most vegetation. Called Wa-rea-mah by the Indigenous Australians who traditionally inhabited the land prior to European settlement, the island may have been used as a fishing base, although physical evidence of Aboriginal heritage has not been found on the island.

Between 1839 and 1869, Cockatoo Island operated as a convict penal establishment, primarily as a place of secondary punishment for convicts who had re-offended in the colonies.

It was also the site of one of Australia's biggest shipyards, operating between 1857 and 1991. The first of its two dry docks was built by convicts. Listed on the National Heritage List, the place is significant for its demonstration of the characteristics of a long-running dockyard and shipbuilding complex, including evidence of key functions, structures and operational layout. Cockatoo Island contains the nation's most extensive and varied record of shipbuilding and has the potential to enhance our understanding of maritime and heavy industrial processes in Australia from the mid-19th century.[1]

In July 2010, UNESCO proclaimed Cockatoo Island as a World Heritage Site,[2] and has been managed by the Sydney Harbour Federation Trust since 2001.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Cockatoo Island, New South Wales. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.