Place:Clay, North Carolina, United States

Watchers
NameClay
Alt namesClaysource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates35.05°N 83.767°W
Located inNorth Carolina, United States     (1861 - )
See alsoCherokee, North Carolina, United StatesParent county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,587. Its county seat is Hayesville.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Before settlement, Clay County was home to the Cherokee Indians, who were a tribe of Native Americans that made their home in Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, the Carolinas and Eastern Tennessee) They were one of the "Five Civilized Tribes" because of their assimilation of European-American cultural and technological practices. During the late 1700s, the first European-American settler, John Covington Moore, settled here in what was then part of Macon County. The first emigrants moved to this area in the early 1830s.

In 1837, General Winfield Scott was hired to gather all the Native Americans in the region and detain them in improvised stockades before transporting them into Oklahoma Territory. Captain Hembree was sent to an area about a mile southwest of Hayesville to construct a stockade to hold the Native Americans until they had all been gathered up. This marks the beginning of the Trail of Tears. The stockade was named after Captain Hembree as Fort Hembree and served as a center of business.

In the Fall of 1860, George Hayes, who was running for Representative from Cherokee County, promised his southeastern constituents to introduce legislation to form a new county. In February 1861 the legislation was introduced and passed by the North Carolina General Assembly.

Clay County was formed primarily from Cherokee County, North Carolina, however a small area was taken from Macon County, North Carolina. In honor of Mr. Hayes, the then new county's seat was appointed Hayesville and the newly formed county was named in honor Henry Clay, famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky.[1]

Despite having been created in 1861, Clay County lacked an organized, formal government until 1868. Later that year, the first post office opened in Hayesville and the first county courthouse was built in 1888, currently it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Throughout the rest of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Clay County has remained largely agricultural.[1]

Timeline

Date Event Source
1845 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1861 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1862 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1868 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1870 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1870 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1880 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1913 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1870 2,461
1880 3,316
1890 4,197
1900 4,532
1910 3,909
1920 4,646
1930 5,434
1940 6,405
1950 6,006
1960 5,526
1970 5,180
1980 6,619
1990 7,155

Research Tips

External links

www.rootsweb.com/~ncclay/


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Clay County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.