Cheshire is a town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 29,261 at the 2010 census. The center of population of Connecticut is located in Cheshire. In 2009, Cheshire was ranked #72 in Money magazine's "100 Best Places to Live". Likewise, in 2011 Cheshire was ranked #73 in Money's "100 Best Places to Live".
Cheshire was incorporated in May 1780 and named after the county of Cheshire, England.
Connecticut's second worst air disaster took place over Cheshire on January 18, 1946, when an Eastern Air Lines DC-3 crashed in town. The crash occurred near Wolf Hill Road and Copper Valley Court, on land that was occupied by a country club. All seventeen people aboard the aircraft lost their lives.
During a July 23, 2007 home invasion (see Cheshire, Connecticut, home invasion murders), mother Jennifer and daughters Hayley and Michaela Petit were murdered, leaving behind sole survivor Dr. William Petit. The murder and the aftermath was featured in a segment that aired on the NBC-TV newsmagazine show Dateline NBC on October 5, 2010. In 2010, Steven Hayes was convicted of the murders and other crimes during the home invasion and was sentenced to death; his accomplice Joshua Komisarjevsky was convicted of the murders and other crimes in October 2011.