Place:Chalon-sur-Saône, Chalon-sur-Saône, Saône-et-Loire, France

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NameChalon-sur-Saône
Alt namesCabillonumsource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) p 9801; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Cabilonnumsource: Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Cabilonumsource: Family History Library Catalog
Chalonsource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998)
Chalon-sur-Saônesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Chalons-sur-Saonesource: GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
Chalons-Sur-Saónesource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Saint-Cosmesource: Family History Library Catalog
Saint-Jean-des-Vignessource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeCommune
Coordinates46.783°N 4.85°E
Located inChalon-sur-Saône, Saône-et-Loire, France
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Chalon-sur-Saône is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Burgundy in eastern France.

It is a sub-prefecture of the department. It is the largest city in the department; however, the department capital is the smaller city of Mâcon.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Though the site was a capital of the Aedui and objects of La Tène culture have been retrieved from the bed of the river here, the first mention of Cavillonum is found in Caesar's Gallic Wars (VII, chs. 42 and 90). The Roman city already served as a river port and hub of road communications, of the Via Agrippa and side routes. In 354 AD the Roman Emperor, Constantius II stationed the Roman 7th Army in Chalon (then called Cabyllona) for an invasion against the brother kings, Gundomad and Vadomar of the Alamanni. However, not having had received supplies, the Roman troops revolted, and were pacified by the grand chamberlain Eusebius with money. In Late Antiquity the city had dwindled so much that a wall round it encircled fifteen hectares.

Saint Marcellus of Chalons (Saint Marcel) is said to have been martyred here in 179 AD; his cult was encouraged by Guntram, king of Burgundy from 561 to 592, who died at Chalons. The bishopric of Chalon-sur-Saône, a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lyon, was established here in the same century, and a Church Council was held here from 644-655.[1] The see was merged into the diocese of Autun shortly after the French Revolution.

Chalon in the 19th century is best known as the birthplace of photography. Its most famous resident, Nicéphore Niépce also has a lycée (secondary school) named after him. There is a museum which contains some early photography relics, located on the Quai des Messageries in the town, containing more than two million photographs and many old artefacts such as cameras and other equipment for old and modern photography. Also on display are Niépce's 1807 Pyréolophore which is probably the world's first internal combustion engine, plus his 1818 implementation of a draisienne for which he coined the word vélocipède.

Another famous resident is Dominique Vivant Denon (1747–1825) who was involved in the creation of the Louvre museum, converting the former royal palace into a museum after the French Revolution.

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