Cawton is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England, about ten miles west of Malton. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 48. It is due east of Gilling East, and south-east of Oswaldkirk. It is on the path of the Ebor Way.
Prior to the nationwide municipal reorganization of 1974, Cawton was part of Helmsley Rural District. Historically, it was located in the ecclesiastical parish of Gilling East in the Rydale Wapentake.