- source: Family History Library Catalog
NOTE: There is another place named Cawthorne within Barnsley in South Yorkshire (formerly in the West Riding of Yorkshire).
Two descriptions of Cawthorne indicate that there was some habitation through the centuries.
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Cawthorne Camp (sometimes spelled "Cawthorn") is a Roman site in north-east England, about 4 miles (6 km) north of Pickering, in North Yorkshire. The well-preserved earthworks outline two forts, one with an extension, and a temporary camp built to an unusual plan.
The works date from the late 1st/early 2nd century AD. It has been suggested that they were built for practice rather than for actual military use.
Archaeological investigation has found indications of pre-Roman activity at the site, and also traces of later sunken dwellings (Grubenhäuser).
- end of Wikipedia contribution
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Cawthorn from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "CAWTHORN, a township in Middleton parish, [North Riding of] Yorkshire; 3½ miles NNW of Pickering. Acres: 1,540. Population: 33. Houses: 3. Here are four Roman camps, in good preservation; one of them square and double-ditched; another, nearly oval, 850 feet long and 320 broad. Some British tumuli are near."
Prior to the nationwide municipal reorganization of 1974, Cawthorn was located in Pickering Rural District. Historically, it was located in the ecclesiastical parish of Middleton in the Pickering Lythe Wapentake. It was in the Pickering Registration District.
- This is by far the most complete history of the parishes of the county to be found online. The chapters are ordered by the divisions of the county called wapentakes, but each chapter is linked to the volume's content page.
- GENUKI has a page on all three ridings of Yorkshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each.
- These are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and there may have been a number of alterations to the parish setup since then. However, it is worthwhile information for the pre civil registration era. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and the submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
- The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
- A Vision of Britain through Time, Yorkshire North Riding, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72.
- Map of the North Riding divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
- Map of North Riding divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
- The above two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.