Place:Cavan-Monaghan, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada

Watchers
NameCavan-Monaghan
Alt namesCavan-Millbrook-North Monaghan (1998-2007)source: wikipedia
TypeMunicipality
Coordinates44.21°N 78.46°W
Located inPeterborough, Ontario, Canada     (1998 - present)
See alsoCavan, Durham, Ontario, Canadatownship making up Cavan-Monaghan in 1998
Millbrook, Durham, Ontario, Canadavillage making up Cavan-Monaghan in 1998
North Monaghan, Peterborough, Ontario, Canadatownship making up Cavan-Monaghan in 1998

Cavan-Monaghan is a township in Peterborough County in central-eastern Ontario, Canada. It is located 20 km southwest of the City of Peterborough. It was formed from the former townships of Cavan and North Monaghan in 1998 (see History section).

Ontario GenWeb has a sketchmap of the original townships.

The map of Peterborough County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the individual municipalities, townships, city, towns and villages of the county.

History

This section is based on an article in Wikipedia.

The townships of Cavan (originally in Durham County) and North Monaghan were surveyed by John Deyell in 1817, and named after County Cavan and County Monaghan in Ireland, from which many of its settlers had emigrated. In 1819, there were 244 settlers, but by 1861 the population had risen to 4,900, many of whom were descendants of United Empire Loyalists, and veterans of the War of 1812 who had been granted land there, or the original and later settlers from Ireland. After Canadian Confederation in 1867, the population began to drop as many families left for Western Canada.

The Township of Cavan and the Village of Millbrook became part of Peterborough County in 1974, and were amalgamated, along with North Monaghan, into one township — Cavan-Millbrook-North Monaghan — in 1998. In 2007, the township was renamed Cavan-Monaghan, as many thought the older name was too long.

Communities

The township includes the communities of Carmel, Cavan, Cedar Valley, Fraserville, Ida, Millbrook, Mount Pleasant, South Monaghan, Springville and Tapley. None are incorporated and a couple are relegated to just names on a map as cars made transportation easier and service areas concentrated in fewer nodes.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The latest year published is not yet available online. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can view censuses on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario or at big libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Some websites with more local information on Durham County

Some websites with more local information on Peterborough County

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Cavan-Millbrook-North Monaghan, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.