Catterick (Catherick archaically), sometimes Catterick Village, to distinguish it from the nearby Catterick Garrison, is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It dates back to Roman times, when Cataractonium was a Roman fort protecting the crossing of the Great North Road and Dere Street over the River Swale.
Catterick is thought to be the site of the Battle of Catraeth (c. 598) mentioned in the Welsh language poem Y Gododdin. This was fought between Celtic British or Brythonic kingdoms and the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Bernicia. Paulinus of York performed baptisms nearby in the River Swale.
In later times, it prospered as a coaching town where travellers up the Great North Road would stop overnight and refresh themselves and their horses; today's Angel Inn was once a coaching inn. Saint Anne's Church overlooks the village and has Norman roots. A mile to the south-east are the surviving earthworks of Killerby Castle, a medieval motte-and-bailey castle.
Theophilus Lindsey, the Unitarian minister and theologian, held the vicarage of Catterick for ten years from 1763 until 1773, partly to live close to his friend and father in law Francis Blackburne. David Simpson also visited. In around 1764 he founded one of the first Sunday schools in England in the village.
The stock breeder Thomas Booth was the owner and farmer of the nearby estate of Killerby.
Alexander John Scott held the vicarage of Catterick from 1816 until his death in 1840.
Frederick John Jackson, the colonial governor and naturalist, was born in Catterick in 1860.
At the 2001 census, Catterick Village had 2,743 residents, most of whom work in the adjacent Garrison, in farming, or in the local towns of Richmond, Darlington, Northallerton or on Teesside. Previously RAF Catterick the airfield to the south of the village was transferred to the Army and is now Marne Barracks, named after the site of two significant battles of World War I.
The £1m A1 bypass was opened in 1959 by Lord Chesham, the Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Catterick, North Yorkshire.