Place:Castroville, Medina, Texas, United States

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NameCastroville
TypeCity
Coordinates29.355°N 98.881°W
Located inMedina, Texas, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Castroville is a city in Medina County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,680 at the 2010 census. Prior to 1893, Castroville was the first county seat of Medina County.

Castroville is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Castroville was established in 1844 by Henri Castro, an empresario of the Republic of Texas, who brought several dozen European families to the area from Alsace and adjoining Baden to populate his land grant along the Medina River 20 miles west of San Antonio. The first colonists disembarked at Galveston on January 9, 1843. They were taken by ship to Lavaca Bay and travelled overland to San Antonio, where they took shelter in abandoned buildings until the Texas Rangers were prepared to escort them to their land and protect them from hostile Indians. On September 2, 1844, the first colonists arrived at Castro's land grant on the Medina River.

From 1849, Castroville, on the Medina River was a water stop on the San Antonio-El Paso Road and a stagecoach station on the San Antonio-El Paso Mail and San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line.

After a few hard years, the town and surrounding farms flourished, although for generations, the residents remained insular. In Castroville's first century, a visitor would be more likely to hear Alsatian — a language spoken in Europe before high German was invented— than English spoken in the town's homes, stores and taverns. Modern Alsatian travelers have noted that the dialect spoken in Castroville is more like that spoken in the 1840s. The descendants of the original settlers have diligently worked to preserve their language, which is being slowly eradicated by political actions between France and Germany, especially since WWII.

Today, though, native speakers of Alsatian are dying out, and fewer of the town's residents can trace their ancestry back to the original Castro colonists. The suburbs of nearby San Antonio are encroaching, and much of the town has been made a national historic district to preserve the unique, sloped-roof architecture of dozens of original Alsatian homes and shops.

Castroville is a sister city of Ensisheim (Alsace) in France.

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