Place:Canvey Island, Essex, England

Watchers
NameCanvey Island
Alt namesCanvey Island Urban District
TypeUrban district
Coordinates51.516°N 0.583°E
Located inEssex, England     (1926 - 1974)
See alsoRochford Rural, Essex, Englandrural district of which it was part
Castle Point (district), Essex, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area since 1974
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Canvey Island Urban District was an urban district in the county of Essex, England. It was created in 1926 out of the civil parish of Canvey Island (see below), previously in the Rochford Rural District. Its population rose from 1,795 in the UK census of 1921 to 26,608 in the census of 1971.

Since April 1, 1974 its former area has formed part of the Borough of Castle Point.

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Canvey Island is a civil parish and reclaimed island in the Thames estuary in England. It has an area of 18.45 square kilometres (7.12 sq mi) and a population of 38,170 (according to an estimate of 2013). It is separated from the mainland of south Essex by a network of creeks. Lying only just above sea level it is prone to flooding at exceptional tides, but has nevertheless been inhabited since the Roman invasion of Britain in 55 B.C.

The island was mainly agricultural land until the 20th century when it became the fastest growing seaside resort in Britain between 1911 and 1951. The North Sea flood of 1953 devastated the island, killing 58 islanders and leading to the temporary evacuation of the 13,000 residents of the time. Canvey is consequently protected by modern sea defences comprising 2 miles (3.2 km) of concrete sea walls.

Canvey is also notable for its relationship to the petrochemical industry. The island was the site of the first delivery in the world of liquefied natural gas by container ship, and later became the subject of an influential assessment on the risks to a population living within the vicinity of petrochemical shipping and storage facilities.

Governance

Canvey Island coalesced into a separate civil parish and ecclesiastical parish in 1881. These with separate remits replaced the 17 divisions of the land split largely into grazing meadowland since the Norman era by the neighbouring parishes of North Benfleet, South Benfleet, Bowers Gifford, Prittlewell, Southchurch, Hadleigh, Laindon, Pitsea, and Vange. In 1926, the parish was converted to the Canvey Island Urban District, then dissolved along with the Benfleet Urban District in the Local Government Act 1972 to form the parliamentary constituency and local government district and borough of Castle Point.

History

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Canvey Island. This is an extensive review of Canvey Island from the time of the Romans up to the present day.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Canvey Island Urban District. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Canvey Island. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.