Place:Caledon (township), Peel, Ontario, Canada

NameCaledon (township)
Alt namesCaledon Townshipsource: WeRelate abbreviation
Coordinates43.85°N 80°W
Located inPeel, Ontario, Canada     (1849 - 1974)
See alsoCaledon, Peel, Ontario, Canada"new" town into which Caledon Township merged in 1974

Caledon is a former township at the north of Peel County (now the Regional Municipality of Peel). In 1974 it was merged with Albion Township and the northern part of Chinguacousy Township to form the Town of Caledon.

Caledon Township is famous for its caves, quarries, the Rockside Pioneers and the Caledon Hills. Belfountain is situated on a ridge of the Niagara Escarpment, commanding an unsurpassed view, particularly in autumn when the leaves are in colour.

First settlers arrived in 1820. It was the last township of Peel to be settled and is quite hilly, but the greater part is arable and well settled, with farming the major occupation. The township was established in 1850. According to the 1877 Peel County Atlas the township was thickly dotted with thriving villages, namely Alton, Charleston, Silver Creek, Mono Mills, and Paisley.

A diagramatic map in Wikipedia shows the location of the five orginal townships of Peel and the map of Peel County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the individual towns and villages.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The latest year published is not yet available online. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.


The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can view censuses on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario or at big libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Some websites with more local information on Peel County

source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Belfountain - Caves, Castles and Quarries in the Caledon Hills by Bernice Trimble (no publication details found)
source: Atlas of the County of Peel, 1877 is an e-book freely downloadable.