Caldwell is a city in Burleson County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,104 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Burleson County. It is part of the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area.
Caldwell is the home of the Czech Heritage Museum, which is open to the public on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The annual Kolache Festival, a celebration of Czech heritage named for a type of pastry, is held in Caldwell the second weekend of September.