|Alt names||Cauborne||source: Domesday Book (1985) p 126|
|Newtown||source: ancient borough in parish|
|Type||Parish (ancient), Civil parish|
|Located in||Isle of Wight, England (1890 - )|
|Also located in||Hampshire, England ( - 1890)|
|See also||West Medina Liberty, Hampshire, England||ancient county division in which it was located|
|Isle of Wight Rural, Isle of Wight, England||rural district in which it was located 1894-1974|
|Medina District, Isle of Wight, England||district municipality covering the area 1974-1995|
|Isle of Wight (council), Isle of Wight, England||district municipality and unitary authority covering the area since 1995|
- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia
Calbourne is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, England. It is located eight kilometres from Newport in the west of the island. In the census of 2011 it had a population of 886.
The village takes its name from the stream that passes through town, the Caul Bourne. The stream used to power five mills just north of the town.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Calbourne.
Newtown was an ancient borough located within the present parish of Calbourne. It may equate to Swainston Manor, mentioned in Wikipedia.
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Newtown from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "NEWTOWN, a decayed town and a chapelry in Calbourne parish, Isle of Wight. The town stands on a creek of its own name, 1 mile S by W of the Solent, and 4¼ E of Yarmouth: was originally called Francheville; belonged anciently to the Bishops of Winchester; received from Aymer, half-brother of Henry III., a charter which was confirmed by several kings; passed to the Crown in the time of Edward I.; was destroyed by the Danes in 1001, and by the French in 1377; was rebuilt, after the latter date, under the name of Newtown; never re-acquired its previous importance, in consequence ofits trade having been attracted mainly to Newport; retained sufficient importance in 1585 to be then invested with the privilege of sending two members to parliament; continued to send them till the passing of the reform actin 1832, when it was disfranchised; fell gradually and continuously, not withstanding its borough character, into a state of decadence; is now so reduced as to comprise only a way-side inn, a small church, a town hall of 1699, a farm-house, and about a score of cottages; and presents memorials of its former greatness in the names of houseless lanes at and near it, as High-street, Gold-street, Kay-street, Drapers-alley. The church was rebuilt in 1837; incorporates a fragment of a previous old church; and is a high-shouldered building, in the early English style. Several large salterns are on the shores of the creek, below the church. A good harbour is in the creek's mouth, and admits vessels of 500 tons. Population of the town in 1861: 99. Houses: 22. The chapelry has no defined limits; and is annexed to the rectory of Calbourne, in the diocese of Winchester."
- A collection of maps on the A Vision of Britain through Time website illustrating the English county of Hampshire over the period 1832-1932 (the last two are expandible):
- A group of maps of the post-1974 municipal districts or boroughs of Hampshire on Wikipedia Commons
Categories: Isle of Wight, England | Calbourne, Isle of Wight, England | West Medina Liberty, Hampshire, England | Isle of Wight Rural, Isle of Wight, England | Medina District, Isle of Wight, England | Isle of Wight (council), Isle of Wight, England